saccharin

[sak-er-in]
noun Chemistry.
a white, crystalline, slightly water-soluble powder, C 7 H 5 NO 3 S, produced synthetically, which in dilute solution is 500 times as sweet as sugar: its soluble sodium salt is used as a noncaloric sugar substitute in the manufacture of syrups, foods, and beverages.
Also called benzosulfimide, gluside.


Origin:
1875–80; sacchar- + -in2

nonsaccharin, adjective, noun

saccharin, saccharine.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
saccharin (ˈsækərɪn)
 
n
a very sweet white crystalline slightly soluble powder used as a nonfattening sweetener. Formula: C7H5NO3S
 
[C19: from saccharo- + -in]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

saccharin
"white crystalline compound used as a sugar substitute," 1885, from Ger., coined by chemist Fahlberg, 1879, from L. saccharon (see saccharine).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

saccharin sac·cha·rin (sāk'ər-ĭn)
n.
A white crystalline powder having a taste about 500 times sweeter than cane sugar, used as a calorie-free sweetener. Also called benzosulfimide.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
saccharin   (sāk'ər-ĭn)  Pronunciation Key 
A white, crystalline powder used as a calorie-free sweetener. It tastes about 500 times sweeter than sugar. Saccharin is made from a compound of toluene, which is derived from petroleum. Chemical formula: C7H5NO3S.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
He filed for a patent and called the substance saccharin.
Pair-housed siblings exhibited higher preference for alcohol, but not saccharin, than singly housed voles.
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