salad

[sal-uhd]
noun
1.
a usually cold dish consisting of vegetables, as lettuce, tomatoes, and cucumbers, covered with a dressing and sometimes containing seafood, meat, or eggs.
2.
any of various dishes consisting of foods, as meat, seafood, eggs, pasta, or fruit, prepared singly or combined, usually cut up, mixed with a dressing, and served cold: chicken salad; potato salad.
3.
any herb or green vegetable, as lettuce, used for salads or eaten raw.
4.
South Midland and Southern U.S. greens.
5.
any mixture or assortment: The usual salad of writers, artists, and musicians attended the party.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English salad(e) < Middle French salade < Old Provençal salada < Vulgar Latin *salāta, feminine past participle of *salāre to salt, equivalent to sal-, stem of sāl salt1 + -āta -ate1

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World English Dictionary
salad (ˈsæləd)
 
n
1.  a dish of raw vegetables, such as lettuce, tomatoes, etc, served as a separate course with cold meat, eggs, etc, or as part of a main course
2.  any dish of cold vegetables or fruit: potato salad; fruit salad
3.  any green vegetable used in such a dish, esp lettuce
 
[C15: from Old French salade, from Old Provençal salada, from salar to season with salt, from Latin sal salt]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

salad
1390, from O.Fr. salade (14c.), from V.L. *salata, lit. "salted," short for herba salata "salted vegetables" (vegetables seasoned with brine, a popular Roman dish), from fem. pp. of *salare "to salt," from L. sal (gen. salis) "salt" (see salt). Du. salade, Ger. Salat, Swed.
salat, Rus. salat are from Romanic languages. Salad days, "time of youthful inexperience" (on notion of "green") is first recorded 1606 in Shakespeare. Salad bar first attested 1976, Amer.Eng.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

salad

any of a wide variety of dishes that fall into the following principal categories: green salads; vegetable salads; salads of pasta, legumes, or grains; mixed salads incorporating meat, poultry, or seafood; and fruit salads. Most salads are traditionally served cold, although some, such as German potato salad, are served hot

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
She at once made herself a salad of it, and ate it with much relish.
The salad fork, which will usually be the third used, is thus laid nearest to
  the plate.
Salad greens, strawberries, and sunflowers grow nearby.
Putting disposable razors head down in a bit of salad oil gives twice or even
  three times as many shaves per razor.
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