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saline

[sey-leen, -lahyn] /ˈseɪ lin, -laɪn/
adjective
1.
of, containing, or resembling common table salt; salty or saltlike:
a saline solution.
2.
of or relating to a chemical salt, especially of sodium, potassium, magnesium, etc., as used as a cathartic.
3.
of or relating to a method of abortion involving injection of hypertonic saline solution into the amniotic cavity during the second trimester.
noun
4.
a sterile solution of sodium chloride used to dilute medications or for intravenous therapy.
5.
salty water; a salty solution.
Origin
1400-1450
1400-50; Middle English: composed of salt < Latin salīnus salty, equivalent to sal sal + -īnus -ine1
Related forms
salinity
[suh-lin-i-tee] /səˈlɪn ɪ ti/ (Show IPA),
noun
hypersaline, adjective
hypersalinity, noun
nonsaline, adjective
nonsalinity, noun
semisaline, adjective
subsaline, adjective
subsalinity, noun
unsaline, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for salinity
  • High salinity promotes both reproduction and rapid growth of oysters.
  • Their process is fuelled by concentration gradients of salinity between different vessels of brine.
  • One purpose of the openings is to maintain the proper salinity for the bivalves to grow and reproduce.
  • And despite dredging, salinity was becoming a problem.
  • When it goes out, the salinity is lowered and on a hot day the heat rises.
  • Creeping salinity in the water table is a harbinger of future danger.
  • salinity of sea in not increasing because farmers use water on land.
  • Other culprits: inflows of fresh water, high ultraviolet radiation, and changes in salinity.
  • The water's salinity level matches that of teardrops.
  • And the fresh water in the polar ice caps is likely to change both the salinity and the temperature of the oceans.
British Dictionary definitions for salinity

saline

/ˈseɪlaɪn/
adjective
1.
of, concerned with, consisting of, or containing common salt: a saline taste
2.
(med) of or relating to a saline
3.
of, concerned with, consisting of, or containing any chemical salt, esp a metallic salt resembling sodium chloride
noun
4.
(med) an isotonic solution of sodium chloride in distilled water
Derived Forms
salinity (səˈlɪnɪtɪ) noun
Word Origin
C15: from Late Latin salīnus, from Latin sal salt
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for salinity
n.

1650s; see saline + -ity.

saline

adj.

"made of salt," c.1500, probably from a Latin word related to salinum "salt cellar" and salinae "salt pits," from sal (genitive salis) "salt" (see salt (n.)). Also in Middle English as a noun meaning "salt pit" (13c.). Saline solution attested from 1833.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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salinity in Medicine

saline sa·line (sā'lēn', -līn')
adj.

  1. Of, relating to, or containing salt; salty.

  2. Of or relating to chemical salts.

n.
  1. A salt of magnesium or of the alkalis, used in medicine as a cathartic.

  2. A saline solution, especially one that is isotonic to blood.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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salinity in Science
saline
  (sā'lēn')   
Of or containing salt.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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