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salmonella

[sal-muh-nel-uh] /ˌsæl məˈnɛl ə/
noun, plural salmonellae
[sal-muh-nel-ee] /ˌsæl məˈnɛl i/ (Show IPA).
Bacteriology
1.
any of several rod-shaped, facultatively anaerobic bacteria of the genus Salmonella, as S. typhosa, that may enter the digestive tract of humans and other mammals in contaminated food and cause abdominal pains and violent diarrhea.
Origin
< New Latin (1900), after Daniel E. Salmon (1850-1914), U.S. pathologist; see -ella
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for salmonella
  • Sea turtles also carry the bacteria salmonella, which can cause severe diarrhea in people.
  • Because of the risk of salmonella and other nasty bugs, it is against the law to sell raw milk across state lines.
  • salmonella is a serious illness, but it is rarely found in the organic eggs of well-fed, free-range happy hens.
  • My role as photographer was about as welcome in a busy kitchen as a salmonella virus.
  • Cooks' note:The egg yolk in this recipe is not cooked, which may be of concern if salmonella is a problem in your area.
  • The egg in this recipe is not cooked, which may be of concern if salmonella is a problem in your area.
  • Cholera, salmonella, and many other bacteria and parasites release toxins that cause diarrhea.
  • Bet she gets salmonella to go with her dozen other infections.
  • News about salmonella outbreaks were a catalyst, but the economy really accelerated it.
  • Organic certification doesn't mean your food is any safer from, say, salmonella contamination when it's packaged.
British Dictionary definitions for salmonella

salmonella

/ˌsælməˈnɛlə/
noun (pl) -lae (-ˌliː)
1.
any Gram-negative rod-shaped aerobic bacterium of the genus Salmonella, including S. typhosa, which causes typhoid fever, and many species (notably S. enteritidis) that cause food poisoning (salmonellosis): family Enterobacteriaceae
Word Origin
C19: New Latin, named after Daniel E. Salmon (1850–1914), US veterinary surgeon
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for salmonella

Salmonella

n.

1913, the genus name, coined 1900 in Modern Latin by J. Lignières in reference to U.S. veterinary surgeon Daniel E. Salmon (1850-1914), who isolated a type of the bacteria in 1885.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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salmonella in Medicine

salmonella sal·mo·nel·la (sāl'mə-něl'ə)
n. pl. sal·mo·nel·lae (-něl'ē) or sal·mo·nel·las or salmonella
Any of various gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria of the genus Salmonella, many of which are pathogenic, causing food poisoning, typhoid, and paratyphoid fever in humans and other infectious diseases in domestic animals.

Salmonella n.
A genus of aerobic to facultatively anaerobic gram-negative bacteria that are pathogenic in humans and animals.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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salmonella in Science
salmonella
  (sāl'mə-něl'ə)   
Plural salmonellae (sāl'mə-něl'ē) or salmonellas
Any of various gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria of the genus Salmonella that cause food poisoning and typhoid fever in humans and other mammals.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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salmonella in Culture
salmonella [(sal-muh-nel-uh)]

A category of bacteria that occurs in many pathogenic forms. One kind causes typhoid fever; there is evidence that other kinds cause various forms of food poisoning.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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