|1.||a. a small part of anything, intended as representative of the whole; specimen|
|b. (as modifier): a sample bottle|
|2.||statistics Also called: sampling|
|a. See also matched sample a set of individuals or items selected from a population for analysis to yield estimates of, or to test hypotheses about, parameters of the whole population. A biased sample is one in which the items selected share some property which influences their distribution, while a random sample is devised to avoid any such interference so that its distribution is affected only by, and so can be held to represent, that of the whole population|
|b. (as modifier): sample distribution|
|3.||(tr) to take a sample or samples of|
|a. to take a short extract from (one record) and mix it into a different backing track|
|b. to record (a sound) and feed it into a computerized synthesizer so that it can be reproduced at any pitch|
|[C13: from Old French essample, from Latin exemplum|
|1.||the process of selecting a random sample|
|2.||a variant of sample|
|3.||the process of taking a short extract from (a record) and mixing it into a different backing track|
|4.||a process in which a continuous electrical signal is approximately represented by a series of discrete values, usually regularly spaced|
In statistics, a group drawn from a larger population and used to estimate the characteristics of the whole population.
Note: Opinion polls use small groups of people, often selected at random, as a sample of the opinions of the general public.