[san-uh-tawr-ee-uhm, -tohr-]
noun, plural sanatoriums, sanatoria [san-uh-tawr-ee-uh, -tohr-] .
a hospital for the treatment of chronic diseases, as tuberculosis or various nervous or mental disorders.

1830–40; < Neo-Latin, equivalent to Latin sanā(re) to heal + -tōrium -tory2 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
sanatorium or (US) sanitarium (ˌsænəˈtɔːrɪəm, ˌsænɪˈtɛərɪəm)
n , pl -riums, -ria
1.  an institution for the medical care and recuperation of persons who are chronically ill
2.  a health resort
3.  (Brit) a room in a boarding school where sick pupils may be treated in isolation
[C19: from New Latin, from Latin sānāre to heal]
sanitarium or (US) sanitarium (ˌsænəˈtɔːrɪəm, ˌsænɪˈtɛərɪəm, -rɪə)
[C19: from New Latin, from Latin sānāre to heal]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1839, from Mod.L., prop. neut. of L.L. sanitorius "health-giving," from L. sanatus, pp. stem of sanare "to heal," from sanus "healthy, sane."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

sanatorium san·a·to·ri·um (sān'ə-tôr'ē-əm) or san·a·tar·i·um (-târ'ē-əm)
n. pl. san·a·to·ri·ums or san·a·to·ri·a (-tôr'ē-ə) or san·a·tar·i·ums or san·a·tar·i·a (-târ'ē-ə)

  1. An institution for the treatment of chronic diseases or for medically supervised recuperation.

  2. A resort for improvement or maintenance of health, especially for convalescents. Also called sanitarium.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
The scene is a mixture, consisting of a private sanatorium and several other buildings.
He became involved in radical politics, got arrested, was sent to a sanatorium.
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