noun, plural sanitariums, sanitaria [san-i-tair-ee-uh] .
an institution for the preservation or recovery of health, especially for convalescence; health resort.
Also, sanatorium.

1850–55; < Latin sānit(ās) health (see sanity) + -ārium -ary Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
sanatorium or (US) sanitarium (ˌsænəˈtɔːrɪəm, ˌsænɪˈtɛərɪəm)
n , pl -riums, -ria
1.  an institution for the medical care and recuperation of persons who are chronically ill
2.  a health resort
3.  (Brit) a room in a boarding school where sick pupils may be treated in isolation
[C19: from New Latin, from Latin sānāre to heal]
sanitarium or (US) sanitarium (ˌsænəˈtɔːrɪəm, ˌsænɪˈtɛərɪəm, -rɪə)
[C19: from New Latin, from Latin sānāre to heal]

sanitarium (ˌsænɪˈtɛərɪəm)
n , pl -riums, -ria
the US spelling of sanatorium
[C19: from Latin sānitās health]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1851, lit. "place dedicated to health," as if from Mod.L. *sanitarius, from L. sanitas "health," from sanus "healthy, sane" (cf. sanatarium).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

sanitarium san·i·tar·i·um (sān'ĭ-târ'ē-əm)
See sanatorium.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
After several weeks in a sanitarium he recovers and goes bade to his old
Sanitarium's satisfaction of its licensing requirements.
Allow real junkies to use their drug of choice inside a junkie sanitarium or
Ten years later, the three survivors of the incident find themselves
  recuperating in a sanitarium.
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