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sardine1

[sahr-deen] /sɑrˈdin/
noun, plural (especially collectively) sardine (especially referring to two or more kinds or species) sardines.
1.
the pilchard, Sardina pilchardus, often preserved in oil and used for food.
2.
any of various similar, closely related fishes of the herring family Clupeidae.
Origin of sardine1
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English sardeine < Middle French sardine < Latin sardīna, derivative of sarda sardine, noun use of feminine of Sardus Sardinian

sardine2

[sahr-dahyn, -dn] /ˈsɑr daɪn, -dn/
noun
1.
sard.
Origin
1300-50; Middle English (< Late Latin sardīnus) < Greek sárdinos sardius
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for sardine

sardine1

/sɑːˈdiːn/
noun (pl) -dines, -dine
1.
any of various small marine food fishes of the herring family, esp a young pilchard See also sild
2.
like sardines, very closely crowded together
Word Origin
C15: via Old French from Latin sardīna, diminutive of sarda a fish suitable for pickling

sardine2

/ˈsɑːdiːn; -dən/
noun
1.
another name for sard
Word Origin
C14: from Late Latin sardinus, from Greek sardinos lithos Sardian stone, from Sardeis Sardis
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sardine
n.

early 15c., from Latin sardina, from Greek sardine, sardinos, often said to be from Sardo "Sardinia" (see Sardinia), the Mediterranean island, near which the fish probably were caught and from which they were exported. But cf. Klein: "It is hardly probable that the Greeks would have obtained fish from so far as Sardinia at a time relatively so early as that of Aristotle, from whom Athenaios quotes a passage in which the fish sardinos is mentioned." Colloquial phrase packed like sardines (in a tin) is recorded from 1911.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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