any of numerous large sandstone blocks or fragments found in south-central England, probably remnants of eroded Tertiary beds.
Also called Druid stone, graywether.

1635–45; syncopated variant of Saracen, short for Saracen boulder Druid stone Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
sarsen (ˈsɑːsən)
1.  geology a boulder of silicified sandstone, probably of Tertiary age, found in large numbers in S England
2.  such a stone used in a megalithic monument
[C17: probably a variant of Saracen]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

"large sandstone boulder," 1644, prop. sarsen stone, i.e. Saracen stone, from Saracen (q.v.) in the old sense of "pagan, heathen."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The bluestones were later installed inside the sarsen ring.
But the trench, wedged between a towering sarsen stone and two bluestones, was far from a random choice.
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