sarsen

[sahr-suhn]
noun
any of numerous large sandstone blocks or fragments found in south-central England, probably remnants of eroded Tertiary beds.
Also called Druid stone, graywether.


Origin:
1635–45; syncopated variant of Saracen, short for Saracen boulder Druid stone

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World English Dictionary
sarsen (ˈsɑːsən)
 
n
1.  geology a boulder of silicified sandstone, probably of Tertiary age, found in large numbers in S England
2.  such a stone used in a megalithic monument
 
[C17: probably a variant of Saracen]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

sarsen
"large sandstone boulder," 1644, prop. sarsen stone, i.e. Saracen stone, from Saracen (q.v.) in the old sense of "pagan, heathen."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The bluestones were later installed inside the sarsen ring.
But the trench, wedged between a towering sarsen stone and two bluestones, was far from a random choice.
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