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scald1

[skawld] /skɔld/
verb (used with object)
1.
to burn or affect painfully with or as if with hot liquid or steam.
2.
to subject to the action of boiling or hot liquid.
3.
to heat to a temperature just short of the boiling point:
to scald milk.
4.
to parboil or blanch (fruit, vegetables, etc.).
verb (used without object)
5.
to be or become scalded.
noun
6.
a burn caused by the action of hot liquid or steam.
7.
any similar condition, especially as the result of too much heat or sunlight.
8.
Plant Pathology.
  1. a blanching of the epidermis and adjacent tissues, which turn pale or dark brown, caused by extreme heat or sun exposure.
  2. a condition resembling scald caused by improper conditions of growth or storage, as in apples, or by fungi, as in cranberries.
Origin of scald1
dialectal Old French
1175-1225
1175-1225; Middle English scalden (v.) < dialectal Old French escalder < Late Latin excaldāre to wash in hot water. See ex-1, caldarium
Related forms
nonscalding, adjective
unscalded, adjective
unscalding, adjective

scald2

[skawld, skahld] /skɔld, skɑld/
noun
1.

scald3

[skawld] /skɔld/
adjective, Archaic.
1.
Also, scalled. scabby; scurvy.
noun
2.
a scab.
Origin
1490-1500; scall + -ed3

skald

or scald

[skawld, skahld] /skɔld, skɑld/
noun
1.
one of the ancient Scandinavian poets.
Origin
1755-65; < Old Norse skāld poet
Related forms
skaldic, adjective
skaldship, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for scald

scald1

/skɔːld/
verb
1.
to burn or be burnt with or as if with hot liquid or steam
2.
(transitive) to subject to the action of boiling water, esp so as to sterilize
3.
(transitive) to heat (a liquid) almost to boiling point
4.
(transitive) to plunge (tomatoes, peaches, etc) into boiling water briefly in order to skin them more easily
noun
5.
the act or result of scalding
6.
an abnormal condition in plants, characterized by discoloration and wrinkling of the skin of the fruits, caused by exposure to excessive sunlight, gases, etc
Derived Forms
scalder, noun
Word Origin
C13: via Old Norman French from Late Latin excaldāre to wash in warm water, from calida (aqua) warm (water), from calēre to be warm

scald2

/skɔːld/
noun
1.
a variant spelling of skald

scald3

/skɔːld/
adjective
1.
scabby
noun
2.
a scab or a skin disease producing scabs
Word Origin
C16: from scall

skald

/skɔːld/
noun
1.
(in ancient Scandinavia) a bard or minstrel
Derived Forms
skaldic, scaldic, adjective
Word Origin
from Old Norse, of unknown origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for scald
v.

c.1200, "to be very hot; to afflict painfully with hot liquid or steam," from Old North French escalder "to scald, to scorch" (Old French eschalder "heat, boil up, bubble," Modern French échauder), from Late Latin excaldare "bathe in hot water" (source also of Spanish escaldar, Italian scaldare "heat with hot water"), from Latin ex- "off" (see ex-) + calidus "hot" (see calorie). Related: Scalded; scalding. The noun is c.1600, from the verb.

skald

n.

"Scandinavian poet and singer of medieval times," 1763, from Old Norse skald "skald, poet" (9c.), of unknown origin, perhaps from PIE root *sekw- (3) "to say, utter." The modern word is an antiquarian revival. "Usually applied to Norwegian and Icelandic poets of the Viking period and down to c 1250, but often without any clear idea as to their function and the character of their work" [OED]. Related: Scaldic.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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scald in Medicine

scald (skôld)
v. scald·ed, scald·ing, scalds
To burn with a hot liquid or steam. n.
A body injury caused by scalding.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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