scop

scop

[skop]
noun
an Old English bard or poet.

Origin:
before 900; learned borrowing (19th century) of Old English scop; cognate with Old Norse skop mocking, Old High German skof derision

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World English Dictionary
scop (skɒp)
 
n
(in Anglo-Saxon England) a bard or minstrel
 
[Old English: related to Old Norse skop, skaup, Old High German scof, scopf poem]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

scop

an Anglo-Saxon minstrel, usually attached to a particular royal court, although scops also traveled to various courts to recite their poetry. In addition to being an entertainer who composed and performed his own works, the scop served as a kind of historian and preserver of the oral tradition of the Germanic peoples. The Old English poem "Widsith" (probably 7th century), a fictional biography of a scop, gives an idea of the status and role of the scop in society.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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