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scraper

[skrey-per] /ˈskreɪ pər/
noun
1.
a person or thing that scrapes.
2.
any of various tools or utensils for scraping.
Origin
1545-1555
1545-55; scrape + -er1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Word Origin and History for scraper
n.

"instrument for scraping," 1550s, agent noun from scrape (v.). From 1560s as "miser, money-grubber;" 1610s as "fiddler;" 1792 as "barber."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for scraper

in engineering, machine for moving earth over short distances (up to about two miles) over relatively smooth areas. Either self-propelled or towed, it consists of a wagon with a gate having a bladed bottom. The blade scrapes up earth as the wagon pushes forward and forces the excavated material into the wagon. When the wagon is filled, the gate is closed, and the material is carried to the place of disposal. The scraper is the dominant tool in highway construction

Learn more about scraper with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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