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scurvy

[skur-vee] /ˈskɜr vi/
noun
1.
Pathology. a disease marked by swollen and bleeding gums, livid spots on the skin, prostration, etc., due to a diet lacking in vitamin C.
adjective, scurvier, scurviest.
2.
contemptible; despicable; mean:
a scurvy trick.
Origin
1555-1565
1555-65; scurf + -y1
Related forms
scurvily, adverb
scurviness, noun
Can be confused
scurfy, scurvy.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for scurvy
  • They developed pain medicines, birth-control drugs, and treatment for scurvy.
  • The lack of fruits or vegetables often led to outbreaks of scurvy and other diseases.
  • The first wrappers, purely utilitarian, were used to protect the oranges carried by ships to prevent scurvy.
  • Rebound scurvy can occur after abrupt withdrawal from long-term large doses.
  • As you clearly show, it mostly benefits scurvy politicians, and even scurvier tabloids.
  • The uses of potash in the body have been elucidated in investigating the causes of scurvy.
  • He thinks they may have ridden along inside fruit intended to help sailors prevent scurvy.
  • In the old days, sailors who had scurvy, who have arteries split open.
  • It is a case of chronic scurvy, as opposed to acute scurvy, where the blood vessels split open.
British Dictionary definitions for scurvy

scurvy

/ˈskɜːvɪ/
noun
1.
a disease caused by a lack of vitamin C, characterized by anaemia, spongy gums, bleeding beneath the skin, and (in infants) malformation of bones and teeth related adjective scorbutic
adjective -vier, -viest
2.
mean or despicable: a scurvy knave
Derived Forms
scurvily, adverb
scurviness, noun
Word Origin
C16: see scurf
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for scurvy
n.

1560s, noun use of adjective scurvy "covered with scabs, diseased, scorbutic" (early 15c.), variant of scurfy. It took on the narrower meaning of Dutch scheurbuik, French scorbut "scurvy," in reference to the disease characterized by swollen and bleeding gums, prostration, etc., perhaps from Old Norse skyrbjugr, which is perhaps literally "a swelling (bjugr) from drinking sour milk (skyr) on long sea voyages;" but OED has alternative etymology of Middle Dutch or Middle Low German origin, as "disease that lacerates the belly," from schoren "to lacerate" + Middle Low German buk, Dutch buik "belly."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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scurvy in Medicine

scurvy scur·vy (skûr'vē)
n.
A disease caused by deficiency of vitamin C and characterized by spongy bleeding gums, bleeding under the skin, and weakness.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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scurvy in Science
scurvy
  (skûr'vē)   
A disease caused by vitamin C deficiency, characterized by bleeding of the gums, rupture of capillaries under the skin, loose teeth, and generalized weakness.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Slang definitions & phrases for scurvy

scurvy

adjective

Gross; repulsive (College students)


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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