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chastise

[chas-tahyz, chas-tahyz] /tʃæsˈtaɪz, ˈtʃæs taɪz/
verb (used with object), chastised, chastising.
1.
to discipline, especially by corporal punishment.
2.
to criticize severely.
3.
Archaic. to restrain; chasten.
4.
Archaic. to refine; purify.
Origin
1275-1325
1275-1325; Middle English chastisen, equivalent to chasti(en) to chasten + -s- < ? + -en infinitive suffix
Related forms
chastisable, adjective
chastisement
[chas-tiz-muh nt, chas-tahyz-] /ˈtʃæs tɪz mənt, tʃæsˈtaɪz-/ (Show IPA),
noun
chastiser, noun
nonchastisement, noun
self-chastise, verb (used with object), self-chastised, self-chastising.
self-chastisement, noun
unchastisable, adjective
unchastised, adjective
unchastising, adjective
Synonyms
1. punish, castigate; whip, beat, flog, spank.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for self-chastise

chastise

/tʃæsˈtaɪz/
verb (transitive)
1.
to discipline or punish, esp by beating
2.
to scold severely
Derived Forms
chastisable, adjective
chastisement (ˈtʃæstɪzmənt; tʃæsˈtaɪz-) noun
chastiser, noun
Word Origin
C14 chastisen, irregularly from chastien to chasten
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for self-chastise

chastise

v.

c.1300, chastisen, from Old French chastiier "to warn, advise, instruct; chastise, admonish; punish; dominate, tame" (12c., Modern French châtier), from Latin castigare "to set or keep right, to reprove, chasten, to punish," literally "to make pure" (see castigate). Or perhaps from Middle English chastien (see chasten) + -ise, though this would be early for such a native formation. The form of the modern word "is not easily accounted for" [OED]. Related: Chastised; chastising.

He alone may chastise who loves. [Rabindranath Tagore, "The Crescent Moon," 1913]

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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