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[kuh n-dish-uh-ning] /kənˈdɪʃ ə nɪŋ/
noun, Psychology.
Also called operant conditioning, instrumental conditioning. a process of changing behavior by rewarding or punishing a subject each time an action is performed until the subject associates the action with pleasure or distress.
Also called classical conditioning, Pavlovian conditioning, respondent conditioning. a process in which a stimulus that was previously neutral, as the sound of a bell, comes to evoke a particular response, as salivation, by being repeatedly paired with another stimulus that normally evokes the response, as the taste of food.
Origin of conditioning
1915-20; condition + -ing1
Related forms
self-conditioning, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for self-conditioning


(psychol) the learning process by which the behaviour of an organism becomes dependent on an event occurring in its environment See also classical conditioning, instrumental learning
(of a shampoo, cosmetic, etc) intended to improve the condition of something: a conditioning rinse
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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self-conditioning in Medicine

conditioning con·di·tion·ing (kən-dĭsh'ə-nĭng)
A process of behavior modification by which a subject comes to associate a desired behavior with a previously unrelated stimulus.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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self-conditioning in Science
See classical conditioning.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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