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serge1

[surj] /sɜrdʒ/
noun
1.
a twilled worsted or woolen fabric used especially for clothing.
2.
cotton, rayon, or silk in a twill weave.
Origin of serge1
1350-1400
1350-1400; < French; replacing Middle English sarge < Middle French < Vulgar Latin *sārica, for Latin sērica (lāna) Chinese (wool), i.e., silk; see seric-
Can be confused
serge, surge.

serge2

[surj] /sɜrdʒ/
verb (used with object), serged, serging.
1.
to overcast (unfinished seams or edges, as in a fabric or rug), especially by machine, in order to prevent fraying.
Origin
perhaps to be identified with serge1, though sense shift is unclear

Serge

[surj; French serzh] /sɜrdʒ; French sɛrʒ/
noun
1.
a male given name.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for serge

serge

/sɜːdʒ/
noun
1.
a twill-weave woollen or worsted fabric used for clothing
2.
a similar twilled cotton, silk, or rayon fabric
Word Origin
C14: from Old French sarge, from Vulgar Latin sārica (unattested), from Latin sēricum, from Greek sērikon silk, from sērikos silken, from sēr silkworm
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for serge
n.

late 14c., from Old French serge (12c.), from Vulgar Latin *sarica, in Medieval Latin "cloth of wool mixed with silk or linen," from Latin serica (vestis) "silken (garment)," from serica, from Greek serike, fem. of serikos "silken" (see silk). The French word is the source of German sarsche, Danish sarge, etc.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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6
7
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