[shal-uht, shuh-lot]
a plant, Allium cepa aggregatum (or A. ascalonicum ), related to the onion, having a divided bulb used for flavoring in cookery.
the bulb of this plant.

1655–65; aphetic variant of earlier eschalot < French échalote, diminutive of Middle French eschaloigne scallion Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
shallot (ʃəˈlɒt)
1.  Also called: scallion an alliaceous plant, Allium ascalonicum, cultivated for its edible bulb
2.  the bulb of this plant, which divides into small sections and is used in cooking for flavouring and as a vegetable
[C17: from Old French eschalotte, from Old French eschaloigne, from Latin Ascalōnia caepa Ascalonian onion, from Ascalon, a Palestinian town]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1664, from Fr. échalote, from M.Fr. eschalotte, from O.Fr. eschaloigne, from V.L. *escalonia (see scallion).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Chop capers, garlic and shallot finely and add to bowl.
Cook one-half teaspoon finely chopped shallot in one tablespoon tarragon
  vinegar five minutes.
The slight acidity in the shallot oil helps balance the dish.
Heat the olive oil in a large, heavy nonstick skillet or saucepan over medium
  heat, and add the shallot.
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