shingles

[shing-guhlz]
noun (used with a singular or plural verb) Pathology.
a disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus, especially by reactivated virus in an older person, characterized by skin eruptions and pain along the course of involved sensory nerves.
Also called herpes zoster.


Origin:
1350–1400; < Medieval Latin cingulum (Latin: girdle; cf. cincture) translation of Greek zṓnē zone in its medical sense; see -s3

Dictionary.com Unabridged

shingle

1 [shing-guhl]
noun
1.
a thin piece of wood, slate, metal, asbestos, or the like, usually oblong, laid in overlapping rows to cover the roofs and walls of buildings.
2.
a woman's close-cropped haircut.
3.
Informal. a small signboard, especially as hung before a doctor's or lawyer's office.
verb (used with object), shingled, shingling.
4.
to cover with shingles, as a roof.
5.
to cut (hair) close to the head.
Idioms
6.
hang out one's shingle, Informal. to establish a professional practice, especially in law or medicine; open an office.
7.
have/be a shingle short, Australian Slang. to be mentally disturbed, mad, or eccentric.

Origin:
1150–1200; Middle English scincle, sc(h)ingle < Medieval Latin scindula lath, shingle (Middle English -g- apparently by association with another unidentified word), Latin scandula (Medieval Latin -i- perhaps by association with Greek schíza lath, splinter, or related words)

shingler, noun

shingle

2 [shing-guhl]
noun
1.
small, waterworn stones or pebbles such as lie in loose sheets or beds on a beach.
2.
a beach, riverbank, or other area covered with such small pebbles or stones.

Origin:
1530–40; apparently variant of earlier chingle; compare Norwegian singel small stones

shingle

3 [shing-guhl]
verb (used with object), shingled, shingling. Metalworking.
to hammer or squeeze (puddled iron) into a bloom or billet, eliminating as much slag as possible; knobble.

Origin:
1665–75; < French cingler to whip, beat < German zängeln, derivative of Zange tongs

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
shingle1 (ˈʃɪŋɡəl)
 
n
1.  a thin rectangular tile, esp one made of wood, that is laid with others in overlapping rows to cover a roof or a wall
2.  a woman's short-cropped hairstyle
3.  (US), (Canadian) a small signboard or nameplate fixed outside the office of a doctor, lawyer, etc
4.  informal (Austral) a shingle short unintelligent or mentally subnormal
 
vb
5.  to cover (a roof or a wall) with shingles
6.  to cut (the hair) in a short-cropped style
 
[C12 scingle, from Late Latin scindula a split piece of wood, from Latin scindere to split]
 
'shingler1
 
n

shingle2 (ˈʃɪŋɡəl)
 
n
1.  coarse gravel, esp the pebbles found on beaches
2.  a place or area strewn with shingle
 
[C16: of Scandinavian origin; compare Norwegian singl pebbles, Frisian singel gravel]
 
'shingly2
 
adj

shingle3 (ˈʃɪŋɡəl)
 
vb
(tr) metallurgy to hammer or squeeze the slag out of (iron) after puddling in the production of wrought iron
 
[C17: from Old French dialect chingler to whip, from chingle belt, from Latin cingula girdle; see cingulum]

shingles (ˈʃɪŋɡəlz)
 
n
(functioning as singular) herpes zoster, Technical names: zoster an acute viral disease affecting the ganglia of certain nerves, characterized by inflammation, pain, and skin eruptions along the course of the affected nerve
 
[C14: from Medieval Latin cingulum girdle, rendering Greek zōnēzone]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

shingle
"thin piece of wood," c.1200, scincle, from L.L. scindula, altered (by influence of Gk. schidax "lath" or schindalmos "splinter") from L. scandula "roof tile," from scindere "to cleave, split," from PIE base *sked- "to split." Meaning "small signboard" is first attested 1842; that of "woman's short haircut"
is from 1924. The verb meaning "to cut the hair so as to give the impression of overlapping shingles" is from 1857.

shingle
"loose stones on seashore," 1513, probably related to Norw. singl "small stones," or N.Fris. singel "gravel," both said to be echoic of the sound of water running over pebbles.

shingles
late 14c., "inflammatory disease of the skin," from M.L. cingulus (loan-translation of Gk. zoster "girdle"), variant of L. cingulum "girdle," from cingere "to gird" (see cinch). The inflammation often extends around the middle of the body, like a girdle.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

shingles shin·gles (shĭng'gəlz)
n.
An acute infection caused by a herpesvirus and characterized by inflammation of the sensory ganglia of certain spinal or cranial nerves and the eruption of vesicles along the affected nerve path. It usually strikes only one side of the body and is often accompanied by severe neuralgia. Also called herpes zoster, zona, zoster.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
shingles   (shĭng'gəlz)  Pronunciation Key 
See under herpes.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Asphalt composition shingles are a popular choice because of their low price
  point and long life.
Faced with bleak job prospects, many of the unemployed are hanging out shingles.
Solar will soon be cheap enough to start replacing roofing shingles, gravel
  roofs and building facades.
The drug had previously been approved for use in treating the nerve pain of
  shingles.
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