shrink

[shringk]
verb (used without object), shrank or, often shrunk; shrunk or shrunken; shrinking.
1.
to draw back, as in retreat or avoidance: to shrink from danger; to shrink from contact.
2.
to contract or lessen in size, as from exposure to conditions of temperature or moisture: This cloth will not shrink if washed in lukewarm water.
3.
to become reduced in extent or compass.
verb (used with object), shrank or, often shrunk; shrunk or shrunken; shrinking.
4.
to cause to shrink or contract; reduce.
5.
Textiles. to cause (a fabric) to contract during finishing, thus preventing shrinkage, during laundering, of the garments made from it.
noun
6.
an act or instance of shrinking.
7.
a shrinking movement.
9.
Also, shrinker. Also called head shrinker. Slang. a psychotherapist, psychiatrist, or psychoanalyst.

Origin:
before 900; 1955–60 for def 9; Middle English schrinken, Old English scrincan; cognate with Middle Dutch schrinken, Swedish skrynka to shrink, Norwegian skrukka old shrunken woman

shrinkable, adjective
shrinkingly, adverb
nonshrinkable, adjective
nonshrinking, adjective
nonshrinkingly, adverb
overshrink, verb, overshrank or, often overshrunk; overshrunk or overshrunken; overshrinking.
unshrinkable, adjective
unshrinking, adjective
unshrinkingly, adverb


1. withdraw, recoil, quail. See wince1. 3. See decrease.


3. increase.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
shrink (ʃrɪŋk)
 
vb (often foll by from) , shrinks, shrinking, shrank, shrunk, shrunk, shrunken
1.  to contract or cause to contract as from wetness, heat, cold, etc
2.  to become or cause to become smaller in size
3.  a.  to recoil or withdraw: to shrink from the sight of blood
 b.  to feel great reluctance (at): to shrink from killing an animal
 
n
4.  the act or an instance of shrinking
5.  slang a psychiatrist
 
[Old English scrincan; related to Old Norse skrokkr torso, Old Swedish skrunkin wrinkled, Old Norse hrukka a crease, Icelandic skrukka wrinkled woman]
 
'shrinkable
 
adj
 
'shrinker
 
n
 
'shrinking
 
adj
 
'shrinkingly
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

shrink
O.E. scrincan (class III strong verb; past tense scranc, pp. scruncen), from P.Gmc. *skrenkanan (cf. M.Du. schrinken), probably from PIE base *(s)ker- "to turn, bend." Originally with causal shrench (cf. drink/drench). The meaning "draw back, recoil" (c.1300) perhaps was suggested by the behavior of
snails. The slang sense of "psychiatrist" is first recorded 1966, from head-shrinker (1950). Shrink-wrap is attested from 1961.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
In addition to relieving symptoms, they increase urinary flow and may even help
  shrink the prostate.
Bank failures would take out capacity, jobs would go and bonuses would shrink.
Below are some things the local people might say about their experiences since
  the sea began to shrink.
They can grow quickly when there's food around and shrink when there isn't.
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