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shudder

[shuhd-er] /ˈʃʌd ər/
verb (used without object)
1.
to tremble with a sudden convulsive movement, as from horror, fear, or cold.
noun
2.
a convulsive movement of the body, as from horror, fear, or cold.
Origin of shudder
1275-1325
1275-1325; Middle English shodderen (v.) (cognate with German schaudern < LG), frequentative of Old English scūdan to tremble; see -er6
Can be confused
shudder, shutter.
Synonyms
1. quiver. See shiver1 .
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for shudder
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Good thought with half a shudder that he would not care to have Furniss on his trail.

    Thirty Howard Vincent O'Brien
  • I used to like him when I was a child; now I shudder at his name.

    Alice, or The Mysteries, Complete Edward Bulwer-Lytton
  • Do not shudder at the idea of changing your religion, for I insist on your professing none other but the Musulman.

    Byron Richard Edgcumbe
  • Do you not look on the past with a shudder at the precipice on which you stood?

    Alice, or The Mysteries, Complete Edward Bulwer-Lytton
  • The drop of blood on Gulnare's fair brow makes him shudder, and almost forget that it was to save him that she became guilty.

British Dictionary definitions for shudder

shudder

/ˈʃʌdə/
verb
1.
(intransitive) to shake or tremble suddenly and violently, as from horror, fear, aversion, etc
noun
2.
the act of shuddering; convulsive shiver
Derived Forms
shuddering, adjective
shudderingly, adverb
shuddery, adjective
Word Origin
C18: from Middle Low German schōderen; related to Old Frisian skedda to shake, Old High German skutten to shake
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for shudder
v.

early 14c., possibly from Middle Dutch schuderen "to shudder," or Middle Low German schoderen, both frequentative forms from Proto-Germanic *skuth- "to shake." Related: Shuddered; shuddering.

n.

c.1600, from shudder (v.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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