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[soh-lee-uh s] /ˈsoʊ li əs/
noun, plural solei
[soh-lee-ahy] /ˈsoʊ liˌaɪ/ (Show IPA),
a muscle in the calf of the leg, behind the gastrocnemius muscle, that helps extend the foot forward.
Origin of soleus
1670-80; < New Latin, masculine derivative of Latin solea sandal; see sole2 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for soleus
Historical Examples
  • Professor Pancoast divides the inferior portion of the soleus muscle instead of the tendo Achillis.

  • Then she raised one of them, and her fingers explored the common tendon of the soleus and gastrocnemius.

    Gray youth Oliver Onions
  • On the back of the leg the most important muscles, forming what is known as the calf, are the gastrocnemius and the soleus.

    A Practical Physiology Albert F. Blaisdell
  • Here the artery is separated from the inner border of the tibia, by the flexor longus digitorum, and is covered by the soleus.

Word Origin and History for soleus

muscle of the calf of the leg, 1670s, Modern Latin, from Latin solea "sole" (see sole (n.1)). So called for its flatness.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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