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solfeggio

[sol-fej-oh, -fej-ee-oh] /sɒlˈfɛdʒ oʊ, -ˈfɛdʒ iˌoʊ/
noun, plural solfeggi
[sol-fej-ee] /sɒlˈfɛdʒ i/ (Show IPA),
solfeggios. Music.
1.
a vocal exercise in which the sol-fa syllables are used.
2.
the use of the sol-fa syllables to name or represent the tones of a melody or voice part, or the tones of the scale, or of a particular series, as the scale of C; solmization.
Origin
1765-1775
1765-75; < Italian, derivative of solfeggiare, equivalent to solf(a) (see sol-fa) + -eggiare v. suffix
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for solfeggio

solfeggio

/sɒlˈfɛdʒɪəʊ/
noun (music) (pl) -feggi (-ˈfɛdʒiː), -feggios, -fèges
1.
a voice exercise in which runs, scales, etc, are sung to the same syllable or syllables
2.
solmization, esp the French or Italian system, in which the names correspond to the notes of the scale of C major
Word Origin
C18: from Italian solfeggiare to use the syllables sol-fa; see gamut
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Article for solfeggio

solfege

vocal exercises sung to the solmization syllables (do, re, mi, etc.) and, by extension, vocalizes, or exercises sung to a single vowel, often florid and difficult to master. Solfeggio collections survive from the 17th century onward, with examples by leading composers of 18th-century opera, such as Nicola Porpora (also a singer and famed singing teacher) and Alessandro Scarlatti and, reaching into the 19th century, Luigi Cherubini. Later composers of such exercises include Maurice Ravel, Gabriel Faure, Vincent d'Indy, Ralph Vaughan Williams, Heitor Villa-Lobos, and Sergey Rachmaninoff. The word solfege sometimes refers to an intensive course in the knowledge of musical intervals and their notation.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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