soliton

[sol-i-ton]
Mathematics, Physics.
1.
a solution of a certain type of partial differential equation that represents a solitary wave.
2.
(loosely) a solitary wave.

Origin:
1960–65; solit(ary) + -on1

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World English Dictionary
soliton (ˈsɒlɪˌtɒn)
 
n
physics an isolated particle-like wave that is a solution of certain equations for propagation, occurring when two solitary waves do not change their form after collision and subsequently travelling for considerable distances
 
[C20: from solit(ary) + -on]

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Example sentences
However, a temporal optical soliton has never been observed at the scale of integrated photonics.
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