somatotype

somatotype

[suh-mat-uh-tahyp, soh-muh-tuh-]
noun
(of humans) physical type; physique.

Origin:
1935–40; somato- + -type

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Collins
World English Dictionary
somatotype (ˈsəʊmətəˌtaɪp)
 
n
endomorph mesomorph See ectomorph a type or classification of physique or body build

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

somatotype so·mat·o·type (sō-māt'ə-tīp', sō'mə-tə-)
n.
The structure or build of a person, especially to the extent to which it exhibits the characteristics of an ectomorph, an endomorph, or a mesomorph.


so·mat'o·typ'ic (-tĭp'ĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

somatotype

human body shape and physique type. The term somatotype is used in the system of classification of human physical types developed by U.S. psychologist W.H. Sheldon. In Sheldon's system, human beings can be classified as to body build in terms of three extreme body types: endomorphic, or round, fat type; mesomorphic, or muscular type; and ectomorphic, or slim, linear type. A somatotype number of three digits is determined for an individual classified by the system, with the first digit referring to endomorphy, the second to mesomorphy, and the third to ectomorphy; each digit is on a scale of one to seven. Hence the extreme endomorph has the somatotype 711, the extreme mesomorph 171, and the extreme ectomorph 117. The classification numbers are negatively correlated, so that a high number in one class precludes high numbers in the others; in practice, extreme types (711, 171, 117) are rare or nonexistent, and the person of normal build has a somatotype approaching 444, evenly balanced between extremes. See also ectomorph; endomorph; mesomorph.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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