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specialization

[spesh-uh-luh-zey-shuh n] /ˌspɛʃ ə ləˈzeɪ ʃən/
noun
1.
the act of specializing, or pursuing a particular line of study or work:
Medical students with high student loans often feel driven into specialization.
2.
Biology. the adaptation of an organism or organ to a special function or environment:
Basic biology suggests the selective pressures leading to convergent evolutionary specialization among desert-dwelling species.
3.
the act of being restricted to some specific, or the act of becoming specialized.
Also, especially British, specialisation.
Origin
Related forms
despecialization, noun
nonspecialization, noun
subspecialization, noun
superspecialization, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for specialization
  • As the field grows, there is more opportunity for specialization.
  • It is entirely possible to innovate in the direction of increased specialization right into obsolescence and eventual destruction.
  • And between foragers, there's specialization of a bee collecting a mixture of pollen.
  • Still, there are shops where specialization is taken to almost unimaginable extremes.
  • The faculty member will have teaching and research specialization in film studies as well as a background in communication.
  • specialization allows scientists to be more productive.
  • Such problems often coincide with abnormal lateralization, or left-right brain specialization.
  • specialization is a necessary part of education and professional development.
  • The financial benefits of specialization have long been popular.
  • specialization must occur for investment to be profitable.
Word Origin and History for specialization
n.

1843; see specialize + -ation.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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specialization in Medicine

specialization spe·cial·i·za·tion (spěsh'ə-lĭ-zā'shən)
n.

  1. The act of specializing.

  2. A specialty.

  3. Adaptation, as of an organ or organism, to a specific function or environment.

  4. See differentiation.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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