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spend

[spend] /spɛnd/
verb (used with object), spent, spending.
1.
to pay out, disburse, or expend; dispose of (money, wealth, resources, etc.):
resisting the temptation to spend one's money.
2.
to employ (labor, thought, words, time, etc.), as on some object or in some proceeding:
Don't spend much time on it.
3.
to pass (time) in a particular manner, place, etc.:
We spent a few days in Baltimore.
4.
to use up, consume, or exhaust:
The storm had spent its fury.
5.
to give (one's blood, life, etc.) for some cause.
verb (used without object), spent, spending.
6.
to spend money, energy, time, etc.
7.
Obsolete. to be consumed or exhausted.
Origin
1125-1175
1125-75; Middle English spenden, continuing Old English -spendan (in āspendan, forspendan to spend entirely or utterly) < West Germanic < Latin expendere to pay out, expend; compare German spenden
Related forms
antispending, adjective
underspend, verb, underspent, underspending.
unspending, adjective
Synonyms
1. Spend, disburse, expend, squander refer to paying out money. Spend is the general word: We spend more for living expenses now. Disburse implies expending from a specific source or sum to meet specific obligations, or paying in definite allotments: The treasurer has authority to disburse funds. Expend is more formal, and implies spending for some definite and (usually) sensible or worthy object: to expend most of one's salary on necessities. Squander suggests lavish, wasteful, or foolish expenditure: to squander a legacy. 2. use, apply, devote.
Antonyms
1. earn, keep.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for spend
  • Some spend the night to get a choice time on another course.
  • The remaining students will spend less or more time depending on the various external factors.
  • Scientists spend too much time raising cash instead of doing experiments.
  • Birds you wouldn't normally see because they nest far to the north and spend the winter far to the south.
  • spend some time exploring this deep, clear, glacier-carved lake.
  • We spend a lot of time and bandwidth using client apps and closed platforms.
  • Soon, though, it seems they won't have enough places to spend it.
  • Upping the number of days students spend in school doesn't necessarily mean that students will do better.
  • Herds spend the summer in the northern part of their range.
  • If you spend time worrying about your electric can opener, you have other issues.
British Dictionary definitions for spend

spend

/spɛnd/
verb spends, spending, spent
1.
to pay out (money, wealth, etc)
2.
(transitive) to concentrate (time, effort, thought, etc) upon an object, activity, etc
3.
(transitive) to pass (time) in a specific way, activity, place, etc
4.
(transitive) to use up completely: the hurricane spent its force
5.
(transitive) to give up (one's blood, life, etc) in a cause
6.
(intransitive) (obsolete) to be used up or exhausted
7.
(Brit, informal) spend a penny, to urinate
noun
8.
an amount of money spent, esp regularly, or allocated to be spent
See also spends
Derived Forms
spendable, adjective
Word Origin
Old English spendan, from Latin expendere; influenced also by Old French despendre to spend, from Latin dispendere; see expend, dispense
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for spend
v.

"to pay out or away" (money or wealth), Old English -spendan (in forspendan "use up"), from Latin expendere "to weigh out money, pay down" (see expend). A general Germanic borrowing (cf. Old High German spendon, German and Middle Dutch spenden, Old Norse spenna). In reference to labor, thoughts, time, etc., attested from c.1300.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with spend
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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