spiritedness

spirited

[spir-i-tid]
adjective
having or showing mettle, courage, vigor, liveliness, etc.: a spirited defense of poetry.

Origin:
1590–1600; spirit + -ed3

spiritedly, adverb
spiritedness, noun
nonspirited, adjective
nonspiritedly, adverb
nonspiritedness, noun
quasi-spirited, adjective
quasi-spiritedly, adverb
unspirited, adjective
unspiritedly, adverb

spirited, spiritual, spiritualistic.


animated, vivacious, ardent, active, energetic, lively, vigorous, courageous, mettlesome.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
spirited (ˈspɪrɪtɪd)
 
adj
1.  displaying animation, vigour, or liveliness
2.  (in combination) characterized by mood, temper, or disposition as specified: high-spirited; public-spirited
 
'spiritedly
 
adv
 
'spiritedness
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

spirit
c.1250, "animating or vital principle in man and animals," from O.Fr. espirit, from L. spiritus "soul, courage, vigor, breath," related to spirare "to breathe," from PIE *(s)peis- "to blow" (cf. O.C.S. pisto "to play on the flute"). Original usage in Eng. mainly from passages in Vulgate, where the L.
word translates Gk. pneuma and Heb. ruah. Distinction between "soul" and "spirit" (as "seat of emotions") became current in Christian terminology (e.g. Gk. psykhe vs. pneuma, L. anima vs. spiritus) but "is without significance for earlier periods" [Buck]. L. spiritus, usually in classical L. "breath," replaces animus in the sense "spirit" in the imperial period and appears in Christian writings as the usual equivalent of Gk. pneuma. Meaning "supernatural being" is attested from c.1300 (see ghost); that of "essential principle of something" (in a non-theological sense, e.g. Spirit of St. Louis) is attested from 1690, common after 1800. Plural form spirits "volatile substance" is an alchemical idea, first attested 1610; sense narrowed to "strong alcoholic liquor" by 1678. This also is the sense in spirit level (1768).

spirit
1599, "to make more active or energetic" (of blood, alcohol, etc.), from spirit (n.). The verb meaning "carry off or away secretly (as though by supernatural agency)" is first recorded 1666. Spirited "lively, energetic" is from 1599.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

spirit spir·it (spĭr'ĭt)
n.

  1. spirits An alcohol solution of an essential or volatile substance.

  2. spirits An alcoholic beverage, especially distilled liquor.

  3. A liquid that has been distilled.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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