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spread

[spred] /sprɛd/
verb (used with object), spread, spreading.
1.
to draw, stretch, or open out, especially over a flat surface, as something rolled or folded (often followed by out).
2.
to stretch out or unfurl in the air, as folded wings, a flag, etc. (often followed by out).
3.
to distribute over a greater or a relatively great area of space or time (often followed by out):
to spread out the papers on the table.
4.
to display or exhibit the full extent of; set out in full:
He spread the pots on the ground and started hawking his wares.
5.
to dispose or distribute in a sheet or layer:
to spread hay to dry.
6.
to apply in a thin layer or coating:
to spread butter on a slice of bread.
7.
to overlay or cover with something:
She spread the blanket over her knees.
8.
to set or prepare (a table), as for a meal.
9.
to extend or distribute over a region, place, period of time, among a group, etc.
10.
to send out, scatter, or shed in various directions, as sound, light, etc.
11.
to scatter abroad; diffuse or disseminate, as knowledge, news, disease, etc.:
to spread the word of the gospel.
12.
to move or force apart:
He spread his arms over his head in surrender.
13.
to flatten out:
to spread the end of a rivet by hammering.
14.
Phonetics.
  1. to extend the aperture between (the lips) laterally, so as to reduce it vertically, during an utterance.
  2. to delabialize.
    Compare round (def 57c), unround.
verb (used without object), spread, spreading.
15.
to become stretched out or extended, as a flag in the wind; expand, as in growth.
16.
to extend over a greater or a considerable area or period:
The factory spread along the river front.
17.
to be or lie outspread or fully extended or displayed, as a landscape or scene.
18.
to admit of being spread or applied in a thin layer, as a soft substance:
Margarine spreads easily.
19.
to become extended or distributed over a region, as population, animals, plants, etc.
20.
to become shed abroad, diffused, or disseminated, as light, influences, rumors, ideas, infection, etc.
21.
to be forced apart, as the rails of a railroad track; separate.
noun
22.
an act or instance of spreading:
With a spread of her arms the actress acknowledged the applause.
23.
expansion, extension, or diffusion:
the spread of consumerism.
24.
the extent of spreading:
to measure the spread of branches.
25.
Finance.
  1. the difference between the prices bid and asked of stock or a commodity for a given time.
  2. a type of straddle in which the call price is placed above and the put price is placed below the current market quotation.
  3. the difference between any two prices or rates for related costs:
    the widening spread between lending and borrowing costs.
  4. Stock Exchange. a broker's profit or the difference between his or her buying and selling price.
  5. any difference between return on assets and costs of liabilities.
26.
capacity for spreading:
the spread of an elastic material.
27.
a distance or range, as between two points or dates:
The long-distance movers planned a five-day spread between pickup and delivery.
28.
a stretch, expanse, or extent of something:
a spread of timber.
29.
a cloth covering for a bed, table, or the like, especially a bedspread.
30.
Informal. an abundance of food set out on a table; feast.
31.
any food preparation for spreading on bread, crackers, etc., as jam or peanut butter.
32.
Aeronautics, wingspan.
33.
Also called layout. Journalism. (in newspapers and magazines) an extensive, varied treatment of a subject, consisting primarily either of a number of cuts (picture spread) or of a major story and several supplementary stories, usually extending across three or more columns.
Compare double truck.
34.
an advertisement, photograph, article, or the like, covering several columns, a full page, or two facing pages of a newspaper, magazine, book, etc.:
a full-page spread; a two-page spread.
35.
two facing pages, as of a newspaper, magazine, or book.
36.
landed property, as a farm or ranch.
37.
lay1 (def 40).
adjective
39.
Jewelry. (of a gem) cut with the table too large and the crown too shallow for maximum brilliance; swindled.
40.
Phonetics. (of the opening between the lips) extended laterally.
Compare rounded (def 2), unrounded.
Idioms
41.
spread oneself thin, to carry on so many projects simultaneously that none is done adequately, or that one's health suffers:
Many college students spread themselves thin by taking on too many activities during the semester.
Origin of spread
1150-1200
1150-1200; Middle English spreden (v.), Old English sprǣdan; cognate with Middle Dutch spreden, German spreiten
Related forms
antispreading, adjective
prespread, verb (used with object), prespread, prespreading.
respread, verb, respread, respreading.
underspread, verb (used with object), underspread, underspreading.
unspread, adjective
unspreading, adjective
Synonyms
1. unfold, unroll, expand. 10. emit, diffuse, radiate. 11. disperse, scatter, publish, circulate, promulgate, propagate. 15. stretch, dilate. 24. reach, compass.

lay1

[ley] /leɪ/
verb (used with object), laid, laying.
1.
to put or place in a horizontal position or position of rest; set down:
to lay a book on a desk.
2.
to knock or beat down, as from an erect position; strike or throw to the ground:
One punch laid him low.
3.
to put or place in a particular position:
The dog laid its ears back.
4.
to cause to be in a particular state or condition:
Their motives were laid bare.
5.
to set, place, or apply (often followed by to or on):
to lay hands on a child.
6.
to dispose or place in proper position or in an orderly fashion:
to lay bricks.
7.
to place on, along, or under a surface:
to lay a pipeline.
8.
to establish as a basis; set up:
to lay the foundations for further negotiations.
9.
to present or submit for notice or consideration:
I laid my case before the commission.
10.
to present, bring forward, or make, as a claim or charge.
11.
to impute, attribute, or ascribe:
to lay blame on the inspector.
12.
to bury:
They laid him in the old churchyard.
13.
to bring forth and deposit (an egg or eggs).
14.
to impose as a burden, duty, penalty, or the like:
to lay an embargo on oil shipments.
15.
to place dinner service on (a table); set.
16.
to place on or over a surface, as paint; cover or spread with something else.
17.
to devise or arrange, as a plan.
18.
to deposit as a wager; bet:
He laid $10 on the horse that won the third race.
19.
to set (a trap).
20.
to place, set, or locate:
The scene is laid in France.
21.
to smooth down or make even:
to lay the nap of cloth.
22.
to cause to subside:
laying the clouds of dust with a spray of water.
23.
Slang: Vulgar. to have sexual intercourse with.
24.
to bring (a stick, lash, etc.) down, as on a person, in inflicting punishment.
25.
to form by twisting strands together, as a rope.
26.
Nautical. to move or turn (a sailing vessel) into a certain position or direction.
27.
to aim a cannon in a specified direction at a specified elevation.
28.
to put (dogs) on a scent.
verb (used without object), laid, laying.
29.
to lay eggs.
30.
to wager or bet.
31.
to apply oneself vigorously.
32.
to deal or aim blows vigorously (usually followed by on, at, about, etc.).
33.
Nonstandard. lie2 .
34.
South Midland U.S. to plan or scheme (often followed by out).
35.
Midland and Southern U.S. (of the wind) to diminish; subside:
When the wind lays, it'll rain.
36.
Nautical. to take up a specified position, direction, etc.:
to lay aloft; to lay close to the wind.
noun
37.
the way or position in which a thing is laid or lies:
the lay of the land.
38.
Slang: Vulgar.
  1. a partner in sexual intercourse.
  2. an instance of sexual intercourse.
39.
Ropemaking. the quality of a fiber rope characterized by the degree of twist, the angles formed by the strands, and the fibers in the strands.
40.
Also called lay-up, spread. (in the garment industry) multiple layers of fabric upon which a pattern or guide is placed for production-line cutting.
41.
Textiles. batten3 (defs 1, 2).
42.
a share of the profits or the catch of a whaling or fishing voyage, distributed to officers and crew.
Verb phrases
43.
lay aside,
  1. to abandon; reject.
  2. to save for use at a later time; store:
    to lay aside some money every month.
44.
lay away,
  1. to reserve for later use; save.
  2. to hold merchandise pending final payment or request for delivery:
    to lay away a winter coat.
  3. to bury:
    They laid him away in the tomb.
45.
lay back, Slang. to relax.
46.
lay by,
  1. to put away for future use; store; save:
    She had managed to lay by money for college from her earnings as a babysitter.
  2. Nautical. (of a sailing vessel) to come to a standstill; heave to; lay to.
  3. Midland and Southern U.S. to tend (a crop) for the last time, leaving it to mature without further cultivation.
47.
lay down,
  1. to give up; yield:
    to lay down one's arms.
  2. to assert firmly; state authoritatively:
    to lay down rigid rules of conduct.
  3. to stock; store:
    to lay down wine.
  4. Shipbuilding. to draw at full size (the lines of a hull), as on the floor of a mold loft; lay off; loft.
48.
lay for, Informal. to wait for in order to attack or surprise; lie in wait for:
The police are laying for him.
49.
lay in, to store away for future use:
We laid in a supply of canned goods.
50.
lay into, Informal. to attack physically or verbally; assail:
He laid into the opposition with fiery words.
51.
lay off,
  1. to dismiss (an employee), especially temporarily because of slack business.
  2. Informal. to cease or quit:
    He promised to lay off drinking.
  3. Slang. to stop annoying or teasing:
    Lay off me, will you?
  4. Informal. to stop work:
    They laid off at four and went home.
  5. to put aside or take off.
  6. to mark off; measure; plot.
  7. Slang. to give or hand over; pass on:
    They laid off their old sofa on the neighborhood recreation center.
  8. (of a bookmaker) to transfer all or part of (a wager) to other bookmakers in order to be protected against heavy losses.
  9. to get rid of or transfer (blame, responsibility, etc.):
    He tried to lay off the guilt for the crime on his son.
  10. Nautical. to sail away from.
  11. Nautical. to remain stationary at a distance from.
  12. Shipbuilding. lay1 (def 47d).
52.
lay on,
  1. to cover with; apply:
    to lay on a coat of wax.
  2. to strike blows; attack violently:
    When the mob became unruly, the police began to lay on.
  3. Nautical. to sail toward.
  4. Nautical. to row (an oar) with a full stroke.
  5. Slang. to tell, impart, or give to:
    Let me lay a little good advice on you.
  6. Chiefly British Informal. to provide as a gift, bonus, or treat; give; treat:
    The owners laid on a Christmas dinner for the employees.
53.
lay open,
  1. to cut open:
    to lay open an area of tissue with a scalpel.
  2. to expose; reveal:
    Her autobiography lays open shocking facts about her childhood.
  3. to expose or make vulnerable, as to blame, suspicion, or criticism:
    He was careful not to lay himself open to charges of partiality.
54.
lay out,
  1. to extend at length.
  2. to spread out in order; arrange; prepare.
  3. to plan; plot; design.
  4. to ready (a corpse) for burial.
  5. Informal. to spend or contribute (money).
  6. Slang. to knock (someone) down or unconscious.
  7. Slang. to scold vehemently; reprimand:
    Whenever I come home late from school, my mom really lays me out.
  8. to make a layout of.
  9. Chiefly South Midland and Southern U.S. to absent oneself from school or work without permission or justification; play hooky.
55.
lay over,
  1. to be postponed until action may be taken:
    The vote will have to be laid over until next week.
  2. to make a stop, as during a trip:
    We will have to lay over in Lyons on our way to the Riviera.
56.
lay to,
  1. Nautical. to check the motion of (a ship).
  2. Nautical. to put (a ship) in a dock or other place of safety.
  3. to attack vigorously.
  4. to put forth effort; apply oneself.
57.
lay up,
  1. to put away for future use; store up.
  2. to cause to be confined to bed or kept indoors; disable.
  3. Nautical. to retire (a ship) from active use.
  4. Nautical. (of a ship) to be retired from active use.
  5. to construct (a masonry structure):
    The masons laid the outer walls up in Flemish bond.
  6. to apply (alternate layers of a material and a binder) to form a bonded material.
Idioms
58.
get laid, Slang: Vulgar. to have sexual intercourse.
59.
lay aboard, Nautical. (formerly, of a fighting ship) to come alongside (another fighting ship) in order to board.
60.
lay about one,
  1. to strike or aim blows in every direction.
  2. to proceed to do; set about.
61.
lay a course,
  1. Nautical. to sail in the desired direction without tacking.
  2. to proceed according to a plan.
62.
lay close, Nautical. (of a sailing vessel) to sail close to the wind.
63.
lay it on, to exaggerate in one's speech or actions, especially to engage in exaggerated flattery or reproof:
She was glad to be told what a splendid person she was, but they didn't have to lay it on so much.
Also, lay it on thick.
64.
lay low. low1 (defs 50, 51).
65.
lay oneself out, Informal. to try one's best; make a great effort:
They laid themselves out to see that the reception would be a success.
66.
lay siege to. siege (def 9).
Origin
before 900; Middle English layen, leggen, Old English lecgan (causative of licgan to lie2); cognate with Dutch leggen, German legen, Old Norse legja, Gothic lagjan
Can be confused
lay, lie (see usage note at the current entry)
lay off, layoff.
Synonyms
1. deposit. See put. 22. calm, still, quiet.
Usage note
Lay1 and lie2 are often confused. Lay is most commonly a transitive verb and takes an object. Its forms are regular. If “place” or “put” can be substituted in a sentence, a form of lay is called for: Lay the folders on the desk. The mason is laying brick. She laid the baby in the crib. Lay also has many intransitive senses, among them “to lay eggs” (The hens have stopped laying), and it forms many phrasal verbs, such as lay off “to dismiss (from employment)” or “to stop annoying or teasing” and lay over “to make a stop.”
Lie, with the overall senses “to be in a horizontal position, recline” and “to rest, remain, be situated, etc.,” is intransitive and takes no object. Its forms are irregular; its past tense form is identical with the present tense or infinitive form of lay: Lie down, children. Abandoned cars were lying along the road. The dog lay in the shade and watched the kittens play. The folders have lain on the desk since yesterday.
In all but the most careful, formal speech, forms of lay are commonly heard in senses normally associated with lie. In edited written English such uses of lay are rare and are usually considered nonstandard: Lay down, children. The dog laid in the shade. Abandoned cars were laying along the road. The folders have laid on the desk since yesterday.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for spreads
  • Towns he spreads his message of change to are often destroyed.
  • Lemon balm grows in clumps and spreads vegetatively as well as by seed.
  • The city gradually spreads west, engulfing the agricultural lands next to the nile.
  • Coltsfoot is a perennial herbaceous plant that spreads by seeds and rhizomes.
British Dictionary definitions for spreads

lay1

/leɪ/
verb (mainly transitive) lays, laying, laid (leɪd)
1.
to put in a low or horizontal position; cause to lie: to lay a cover on a bed
2.
to place, put, or be in a particular state or position: he laid his finger on his lips
3.
(intransitive) (not standard) to be in a horizontal position; lie: he often lays in bed all the morning
4.
(sometimes foll by down) to establish as a basis: to lay a foundation for discussion
5.
to place or dispose in the proper position: to lay a carpet
6.
to arrange (a table) for eating a meal
7.
to prepare (a fire) for lighting by arranging fuel in the grate
8.
(also intransitive) (of birds, esp the domestic hen) to produce (eggs)
9.
to present or put forward: he laid his case before the magistrate
10.
to impute or attribute: all the blame was laid on him
11.
to arrange, devise, or prepare: to lay a trap
12.
to place, set, or locate: the scene is laid in London
13.
to apply on or as if on a surface: to lay a coat of paint
14.
to impose as a penalty or burden: to lay a fine
15.
to make (a bet) with (someone): I lay you five to one on Prince
16.
to cause to settle: to lay the dust
17.
to allay; suppress: to lay a rumour
18.
to bring down forcefully: to lay a whip on someone's back
19.
(slang) to have sexual intercourse with
20.
(slang) to bet on (a horse) to lose a race
21.
to press down or make smooth: to lay the nap of cloth
22.
to cut (small trunks or branches of shrubs or trees) halfway through and bend them diagonally to form a hedge: to lay a hedge
23.
to arrange and twist together (strands) in order to form (a rope, cable, etc)
24.
(military) to apply settings of elevation and training to (a weapon) prior to firing
25.
(foll by on) (hunting) to put (hounds or other dogs) onto a scent
26.
another word for inlay
27.
(intransitive; often foll by to or out) (dialect or informal) to plan, scheme, or devise
28.
(intransitive) (nautical) to move or go, esp into a specified position or direction: to lay close to the wind
29.
(nautical) lay aboard, (formerly) to move alongside a warship to board it
30.
lay a course
  1. (nautical) to sail on a planned course without tacking
  2. to plan an action
31.
lay bare, to reveal or explain: he laid bare his plans
32.
lay hands on, See hands (sense 12)
33.
lay hold of, to seize or grasp
34.
lay oneself open, to make oneself vulnerable (to criticism, attack, etc): by making such a statement he laid himself open to accusations of favouritism
35.
lay open, to reveal or disclose
36.
lay siege to, to besiege (a city, etc)
noun
37.
the manner or position in which something lies or is placed
38.
(taboo, slang)
  1. an act of sexual intercourse
  2. a sexual partner
39.
a portion of the catch or the profits from a whaling or fishing expedition
40.
the amount or direction of hoist in the strands of a rope
Usage note
In careful English, the verb lay is used with an object and lie without one: the soldier laid down his arms; the Queen laid a wreath; the book was lying on the table; he was lying on the floor. In informal English, lay is frequently used for lie: the book was laying on the table. All careful writers and speakers observe the distinction even in informal contexts
Word Origin
Old English lecgan; related to Gothic lagjan, Old Norse leggja

lay2

/leɪ/
adjective
1.
of, involving, or belonging to people who are not clergy
2.
nonprofessional or nonspecialist; amateur
Word Origin
C14: from Old French lai, from Late Latin lāicus, ultimately from Greek laos people

lay3

/leɪ/
noun
1.
a ballad or short narrative poem, esp one intended to be sung
2.
a song or melody
Word Origin
C13: from Old French lai, perhaps of Germanic origin

lay4

/leɪ/
verb
1.
the past tense of lie2

spread

/sprɛd/
verb spreads, spreading, spread
1.
to extend or unfold or be extended or unfolded to the fullest width: she spread the map on the table
2.
to extend or cause to extend over a larger expanse of space or time: the milk spread all over the floor, the political unrest spread over several years
3.
to apply or be applied in a coating: butter does not spread very well when cold
4.
to distribute or be distributed over an area or region
5.
to display or be displayed in its fullest extent: the landscape spread before us
6.
(transitive) to prepare (a table) for a meal
7.
(transitive) to lay out (a meal) on a table
8.
to send or be sent out in all directions; disseminate or be disseminated: someone has been spreading rumours, the disease spread quickly
9.
(of rails, wires, etc) to force or be forced apart
10.
to increase the breadth of (a part), esp to flatten the head of a rivet by pressing, hammering, or forging
11.
(transitive) (agriculture)
  1. to lay out (hay) in a relatively thin layer to dry
  2. to scatter (seed, manure, etc) over a relatively wide area
12.
(informal) (transitive) often foll by around. to make (oneself) agreeable to a large number of people, often of the opposite sex
13.
(phonetics) to narrow and lengthen the aperture of (the lips) as for the articulation of a front vowel, such as () in English see (siː)
noun
14.
the act or process of spreading; diffusion, dispersal, expansion, etc: the spread of the Christian religion
15.
(informal) the wingspan of an aircraft
16.
an extent of space or time; stretch: a spread of 50 years
17.
(informal, mainly US & Canadian) a ranch or relatively large tract of land
18.
the limit of something fully extended: the spread of a bird's wings
19.
a covering for a table or bed
20.
(informal) a large meal or feast, esp when it is laid out on a table
21.
a food which can be spread on bread, etc: salmon spread
22.
two facing pages in a book or other publication
23.
a widening of the hips and waist: middle-age spread
24.
(stock exchange)
  1. the difference between the bid and offer prices quoted by a market maker
  2. the excess of the price at which stock is offered for public sale over the price paid for the same stock by an underwriter
  3. (mainly US) a double option Compare straddle (sense 9)
25.
(jewellery) the apparent size of a gemstone when viewed from above expressed in carats: a diamond with a spread of four carats
adjective
26.
extended or stretched out, esp to the fullest extent
27.
(of a gem) shallow and flat
28.
(phonetics)
  1. (of the lips) forming a long narrow aperture
  2. (of speech sounds) articulated with spread lips: () in English "feel" is a spread vowel
Derived Forms
spreadability, noun
spreadable, adjective
Word Origin
Old English sprǣdan; related to Old High German spreiten to spread, Old Lithuanian sprainas stiff
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for spreads

spread

v.

c.1200, "to stretch out, to send in various directions," probably from Old English -sprædan (especially in tosprædan "to spread out," and gesprædung "spreading"), from Proto-Germanic *spraidijanan (cf. Danish sprede, Old Swedish spreda, Middle Dutch spreiden, Old High German and German spreiten "to spread"), probably from PIE *sper- "to strew" (see sprout (v.)). Reflexive sense of "to extend, expand" is attested from mid-14c.

n.

1690s, "extent or expanse of something," from spread (v.). Meaning "copious meal" dates from 1822; sense of "food for spreading" (butter, jam, etc.) is from 1812. Sense of "bed cover" is recorded from 1848, originally American English. Meaning "degree of variation" is attested from 1929. Meaning "ranch for raising cattle" is attested from 1927.

lay

v.

Old English lecgan "to place on the ground (or other surface)," also "put down (often by striking)," from Proto-Germanic *lagjanan (cf. Old Saxon leggian, Old Norse leggja, Old Frisian ledza, Middle Dutch legghan, Dutch leggen, Old High German lecken, German legen, Gothic lagjan "to lay, put, place"), causative of lie (v.2). As a noun, from 1550s, "act of laying." Meaning "way in which something is laid" (e.g. lay of the land) first recorded 1819.

Meaning "have sex with" first recorded 1934, in U.S. slang, probably from sense of "deposit" (which was in Old English, as in lay an egg, lay a bet, etc.), perhaps reinforced by to lie with, a phrase frequently met in the Bible. The noun meaning "woman available for sexual intercourse" is attested from 1930, but there are suggestions of it in stage puns from as far back as 1767. To lay for (someone) "await a chance at revenge" is from late 15c.; lay low "stay inconspicuous" is from 1839. To lay (someone) low preserves the secondary Old English sense.

adj.

"uneducated; non-clerical," early 14c., from Old French lai "secular, not of the clergy" (Modern French laïque), from Late Latin laicus, from Greek laikos "of the people," from laos "people," of unknown origin. In Middle English, contrasted with learned, a sense revived 1810 for "non-expert."

n.

"short song," mid-13c., from Old French lai "song, lyric," of unknown origin, perhaps from Celtic (cf. Irish laid "song, poem," Gaelic laoidh "poem, verse, play") because the earliest verses so called were Arthurian ballads, but OED finds this "out of the question" and prefers a theory which traces it to a Germanic source, cf. Old High German leich "play, melody, song."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for spreads

spot market

noun phrase

The free market in petroleum, outside the price scales set by the producers' organization

[1982+; spot oil is found by 1888]


lay

noun
  1. A person regarded merely as a sex partner or object: The two girls looked like swell lays/ She's a great lay (1932+)
  2. A sex act; piece of ass: Anyone who is looking for an easy lay (1936+)
verb
  1. : five cadets who swore they'd all laid the girl one night (1934+)
  2. To bet: I laid her six to one he wouldn't show up (1300+)
Related Terms

easy make


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with spreads
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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10
11
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