stifling

[stahy-fling]

Origin:
1550–60; stifle1 + -ing2

stiflingly, adverb
unstifling, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged

stifle

1 [stahy-fuhl]
verb (used with object), stifled, stifling.
1.
to quell, crush, or end by force: to stifle a revolt; to stifle free expression.
2.
to suppress, curb, or withhold: to stifle a yawn.
3.
to kill by impeding respiration; smother.
verb (used without object), stifled, stifling.
4.
to suffer from difficulty in breathing, as in a close atmosphere.
5.
to become stifled or suffocated.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English < Old Norse stīfla to stop up, dam, akin to stīfr stiff

stifler, noun
unstifled, adjective


1. prevent, preclude, put down. 2. check. 3. suffocate, strangle, choke.


1, 2. encourage.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
stifle1 (ˈstaɪfəl)
 
vb
1.  (tr) to smother or suppress: stifle a cough
2.  to feel or cause to feel discomfort and difficulty in breathing
3.  to prevent or be prevented from breathing so as to cause death
4.  (tr) to crush or stamp out
 
[C14: variant of stuflen, probably from Old French estouffer to smother]
 
'stifler1
 
n

stifle2 (ˈstaɪfəl)
 
n
the joint in the hind leg of a horse, dog, etc, between the femur and tibia
 
[C14: of unknown origin]

stifling (ˈstaɪflɪŋ)
 
adj
oppressively hot or stuffy: a stifling atmosphere
 
'stiflingly
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

stifle
late 14c., "to choke, suffocate, drown," of uncertain origin, possibly an alteration of O.Fr. estouffer "to stifle, smother," which may be from a Gmc. source (cf. O.H.G. stopfon "to plug up, stuff"). Metaphoric sense is from 1570s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Green chemistry focuses on eliminating the use of toxic chemicals in chemistry
  without stifling scientific progress.
Moreover, there are signs that the chaebol may be stifling innovation and
  entrepreneurship.
When coral bleaches, seaweed can grow out of control, stifling reef recovery.
Nations need to curb their public debt to avoid stifling future growth.
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