stopping

[stop-ing]

Origin:
1700–05; special use of stopping, verbal noun of stop; see -ing1

Dictionary.com Unabridged

stop

[stop]
verb (used with object), stopped or (Archaic) stopt; stopping.
1.
to cease from, leave off, or discontinue: to stop running.
2.
to cause to cease; put an end to: to stop noise in the street.
3.
to interrupt, arrest, or check (a course, proceeding, process, etc.): Stop your work just a minute.
4.
to cut off, intercept, or withhold: to stop supplies.
5.
to restrain, hinder, or prevent (usually followed by from ): I couldn't stop him from going.
6.
to prevent from proceeding, acting, operating, continuing, etc.: to stop a speaker; to stop a car.
7.
to block, obstruct, or close (a passageway, channel, opening, duct, etc.) (usually followed by up ): He stopped up the sink with a paper towel. He stopped the hole in the tire with a patch.
8.
to fill the hole or holes in (a wall, a decayed tooth, etc.).
9.
to close (a container, tube, etc.) with a cork, plug, bung, or the like.
10.
to close the external orifice of (the ears, nose, mouth, etc.).
11.
Sports.
a.
to check (a stroke, blow, etc.); parry; ward off.
b.
to defeat (an opposing player or team): The Browns stopped the Colts.
c.
Boxing. to defeat by a knockout or technical knockout: Louis stopped Conn in the 13th round.
12.
Banking. to notify a bank to refuse payment of (a check) upon presentation.
13.
Bridge. to have an honor card and a sufficient number of protecting cards to keep an opponent from continuing to win in (a suit).
14.
Music.
a.
to close (a fingerhole) in order to produce a particular note from a wind instrument.
b.
to press down (a string of a violin, viola, etc.) in order to alter the pitch of the tone produced from it.
c.
to produce (a particular note) by so doing.
verb (used without object), stopped or (Archaic) stopt; stopping.
15.
to come to a stand, as in a course or journey; halt.
16.
to cease moving, proceeding, speaking, acting, operating, etc.; to pause; desist.
17.
to cease; come to an end.
18.
to halt for a brief visit (often followed by at, in, or by ): He is stopping at the best hotel in town.
19.
stop by, to make a brief visit on one's way elsewhere: I'll stop by on my way home.
noun
20.
the act of stopping.
21.
a cessation or arrest of movement, action, operation, etc.; end: The noise came to a stop. Put a stop to that behavior!
22.
a stay or sojourn made at a place, as in the course of a journey: Above all, he enjoyed his stop in Trieste.
23.
a place where trains or other vehicles halt to take on and discharge passengers: Is this a bus stop?
24.
a closing or filling up, as of a hole.
25.
a blocking or obstructing, as of a passage or channel.
26.
a plug or other stopper for an opening.
27.
an obstacle, impediment, or hindrance.
28.
any piece or device that serves to check or control movement or action in a mechanism.
29.
Architecture. a feature terminating a molding or chamfer.
30.
Commerce.
a.
an order to refuse payment of a check.
31.
Music.
a.
the act of closing a fingerhole or pressing a string of an instrument in order to produce a particular note.
b.
a device or contrivance, as on an instrument, for accomplishing this.
c.
(in an organ) a graduated set of pipes of the same kind and giving tones of the same quality.
d.
Also called stop knob. a knob or handle that is drawn out or pushed back to permit or prevent the sounding of such a set of pipes or to control some other part of the organ.
e.
(in a reed organ) a group of reeds functioning like a pipe-organ stop.
32.
Sports. an individual defensive play or act that prevents an opponent or opposing team from scoring, advancing, or gaining an advantage, as a catch in baseball, a tackle in football, or the deflection of a shot in hockey.
33.
Nautical. a piece of small line used to lash or fasten something, as a furled sail.
34.
Phonetics.
a.
an articulation that interrupts the flow of air from the lungs.
b.
a consonant sound characterized by stop articulation, as p, b, t, d, k, and g. Compare continuant.
35.
Photography. the diaphragm opening of a lens, especially as indicated by an f- number.
36.
Building Trades.
b.
doorstop ( def 2 ).
37.
any of various marks used as punctuation at the end of a sentence, especially a period.
38.
the word “stop” printed in the body of a telegram or cablegram to indicate a period.
39.
stops, (used with a singular verb) a family of card games whose object is to play all of one's cards in a predetermined sequence before one's opponents.
40.
Zoology. a depression in the face of certain animals, especially dogs, marking the division between the forehead and the projecting part of the muzzle. See diag. under dog.
Verb phrases
41.
stop down, Photography. (on a camera) to reduce (the diaphragm opening of a lens).
42.
stop in, to make a brief, incidental visit: If you're in town, be sure to stop in.
43.
stop off, to halt for a brief stay at some point on the way elsewhere: On the way to Rome we stopped off at Florence.
44.
stop out,
a.
to mask (certain areas of an etching plate, photographic negative, etc.) with varnish, paper, or the like, to prevent their being etched, printed, etc.
b.
to withdraw temporarily from school: Most of the students who stop out eventually return to get their degrees.
45.
stop over, to stop briefly in the course of a journey: Many motorists were forced to stop over in that town because of floods.
Idioms
46.
pull out all the stops,
a.
to use every means available.
b.
to express, do, or carry out something without reservation.

Origin:
before 1000; Middle English stoppen (v.), Old English -stoppian (in forstoppian to stop up); cognate with Dutch, Low German stoppen, German stopfen; all ≪ Vulgar Latin *stuppāre to plug with oakum, derivative of Latin stuppa coarse hemp or flax < Greek stýppē

stopless, adjective
stoplessness, noun
multistop, adjective


3. Stop, arrest, check, halt imply causing a cessation of movement or progress (literal or figurative). Stop is the general term for the idea: to stop a clock. Arrest usually refers to stopping by imposing a sudden and complete restraint: to arrest development. Check implies bringing about an abrupt, partial, or temporary stop: to check a trotting horse. To halt means to make a temporary stop, especially one resulting from a command: to halt a company of soldiers. 5. thwart, obstruct, impede. 16. quit. 21. halt; termination. 23. terminal. 28. governor.


1–3. start.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To stopping
Collins
World English Dictionary
stop (stɒp)
 
vb (often foll by from) (often foll by up) (often foll by up) , stops, stopping, stopped
1.  to cease from doing or being (something); discontinue: stop talking
2.  to cause (something moving) to halt or (of something moving) to come to a halt: to stop a car; the car stopped
3.  (tr) to prevent the continuance or completion of: to stop a show
4.  to prevent or restrain: to stop George from fighting
5.  (tr) to keep back: to stop supplies to the navy
6.  (tr) to intercept or hinder in transit: to stop a letter
7.  to block or plug, esp so as to close: to stop up a pipe
8.  to fill a hole or opening in: to stop up a wall
9.  (tr) to staunch or stem: to stop a wound
10.  (tr) to instruct a bank not to honour (a cheque)
11.  (tr) to deduct (money) from pay
12.  (Brit) (tr) to provide with punctuation
13.  (tr) boxing to beat (an opponent) either by a knockout or a technical knockout
14.  informal (tr) to receive (a blow, hit, etc)
15.  (intr) to stay or rest: we stopped at the Robinsons' for three nights
16.  rare (tr) to defeat, beat, or kill
17.  (tr) music
 a.  to alter the vibrating length of (a string on a violin, guitar, etc) by pressing down on it at some point with the finger
 b.  to alter the vibrating length of an air column in a wind instrument by closing (a finger hole, etc)
 c.  to produce (a note) in this manner
18.  (tr) to place a hand inside (the bell of a French horn) to alter the tone colour and pitch or play (a note) on a French horn in such a manner
19.  bridge to have a protecting card or winner in (a suit in which one's opponents are strong)
20.  stop at nothing to be prepared to do anything; be unscrupulous or ruthless
 
n
21.  an arrest of movement or progress
22.  the act of stopping or the state of being stopped
23.  a place where something halts or pauses: a bus stop
24.  a stay in or as if in the course of a journey
25.  the act or an instance of blocking or obstructing
26.  a plug or stopper
27.  a block, screw, or other device or object that prevents, limits, or terminates the motion of a mechanism or moving part
28.  (Brit) a punctuation mark, esp a full stop
29.  fencing Also called: stop thrust a counterthrust made without a parry in the hope that one's blade will touch before one's opponent's blade
30.  stop payment short for stop order
31.  music
 a.  the act of stopping the string, finger hole, etc, of an instrument
 b.  a set of organ pipes or harpsichord strings that may be allowed to sound as a group by muffling or silencing all other such sets
 c.  a knob, lever, or handle on an organ, etc, that is operated to allow sets of pipes to sound
 d.  an analogous device on a harpsichord or other instrument with variable registers, such as an electrophonic instrument
32.  pull out all the stops
 a.  to play at full volume
 b.  to spare no effort
33.  (Austral) a stud on a football boot
34.  the angle between the forehead and muzzle of a dog or cat, regarded as a point in breeding
35.  nautical a short length of line or small stuff used as a tie, esp for a furled sail
36.  phonetics Compare continuant Also called: stop consonant any of a class of consonants articulated by first making a complete closure at some point of the vocal tract and then releasing it abruptly with audible plosion. Stops include the labials (p, b), the alveolars or dentals (t, d), the velars (k, g)
37.  photog Also called: f-stop
 a.  a setting of the aperture of a camera lens, calibrated to the corresponding f-number
 b.  another name for diaphragm
38.  a block or carving used to complete the end of a moulding
39.  bridge Also called: stopper a protecting card or winner in a suit in which one's opponents are strong
 
[C14: from Old English stoppian (unattested), as in forstoppian to plug the ear, ultimately from Late Latin stuppāre to stop with a tow, from Latin stuppa tow, from Greek stuppē]
 
'stoppable
 
adj

stopping (ˈstɒpɪŋ)
 
n
1.  informal (Brit) a dental filling
2.  a solid barrier in a mine tunnel to seal off harmful gases, fire, fresh air from used air, etc
 
adj
3.  chiefly (Brit) making many stops in a journey: a stopping train

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

stop
O.E. -stoppian (in forstoppian "to stop up, stifle"), along with M.L.G. stoppen, O.H.G. stopfon (Ger. stopfen) a W.Gmc. borrowing from V.L. *stuppare "to stop or stuff with tow or oakum" (cf. It. stoppare, Fr. étouper "to stop with tow"), from L. stuppa "coarse part of flax, tow." Plugs made of
tow were used from ancient times in Rhine valley. Sense of "bring or come to a halt" (mid-15c.) is from notion of preventing a flow by blocking a hole, and the word's development in this sense is unique to English, though it since has been widely adopted in other languages; perhaps influenced by L. stupere "be stunned, be stupefied." The noun is first recorded late 15c. Stop-and-go (adj.) is from 1926.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Abbreviations & Acronyms
STOP
Safe Tables Our Priority
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
She knew she could create a traffic-stopping tapestry of plants that would survive on half the water.
Feed meat into funnel and grind, stopping to clear the grinder if necessary.
Besides looking tidy and needing nearly no water, it is no longer a stopping
  spot for dog walkers.
The enemy of our enemy may be our new partner in stopping a global health
  crisis.
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