subsidy

[suhb-si-dee]
noun, plural subsidies.
1.
a direct pecuniary aid furnished by a government to a private industrial undertaking, a charity organization, or the like.
2.
a sum paid, often in accordance with a treaty, by one government to another to secure some service in return.
3.
a grant or contribution of money.
4.
money formerly granted by the English Parliament to the crown for special needs.

Origin:
1325–75; Middle English subsidie < Anglo-French < Latin subsidium auxiliary force, reserve, help, equivalent to sub- sub- + sid-, combining form of sedēre to sit1 + -ium -ium

antisubsidy, noun, plural antisubsidies.
nonsubsidy, noun, plural nonsubsidies.


1. Subsidy, subvention are both grants of money, especially governmental, to aid private undertakings. A subsidy is usually given to promote commercial enterprise: a subsidy to manufacturers during a war. A subvention is usually a grant to stimulate enterprises connected with science and the arts: a subvention to a research chemist by a major company.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
subsidy (ˈsʌbsɪdɪ)
 
n , pl -dies
1.  a financial aid supplied by a government, as to industry, for reasons of public welfare, the balance of payments, etc
2.  English history a financial grant made originally for special purposes by Parliament to the Crown
3.  any monetary contribution, grant, or aid
 
[C14: from Anglo-Norman subsidie, from Latin subsidium assistance, from subsidēre to remain, from sub- down + sedēre to sit]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

subsidy
late 14c., from Anglo-Fr. subsidie, from O.Fr. subside "help, aid, contribution," from L. subsidium "help, aid, assistance, (military) reinforcements," from sub "behind, near" + sedere "to sit" (see sedentary). Subsidize is from 1795. Originally of nations, "to buy neutrality
or alliance." Meaning "to support by grants of money" is from 1828.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

subsidy definition


A grant made by a government to some individual or business in order to maintain an acceptable standard of living or to stimulate economic growth.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Critics say that farm subsidies today have little to do with helping struggling
  family farmers.
Governments should end subsidies to renewable energies and let consumers
  determine winners and losers.
Best of all, the government subsidies made it significantly cheaper.
The same is absolutely true for sugar subsidies by the way.
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