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Denotation vs. Connotation

besides

[bih-sahydz] /bɪˈsaɪdz/
adverb
1.
moreover; furthermore; also:
Besides, I promised her we would come.
2.
in addition:
There are three elm trees and two maples besides.
3.
otherwise; else:
They had a roof over their heads but not much besides.
preposition
4.
over and above; in addition to:
Besides a mother he has a sister to support.
5.
other than; except:
There's no one here besides Bill and me.
Origin of besides
1150-1200
1150-1200; Middle English; see beside, -s1
Can be confused
beside, besides (see usage note at beside)
Synonyms
1. further. Besides, moreover both indicate something additional to what has already been stated. Besides often suggests that the addition is in the nature of an afterthought: The bill cannot be paid as yet; besides, the work is not completed. Moreover is more formal and implies that the addition is something particular, emphatic, or important: I did not like the house; moreover, it was too high-priced.
Usage note
4, 5. See beside.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for besides
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • besides, for a present it would be better to have new ribbon.

    A Missionary Twig Emma L. Burnett
  • besides, I never felt contempt for anything to which the gods had given life.

    Philothea Lydia Maria Child
  • besides, it was not necessary for a marksman like Murray to get so very near.

    The Talking Leaves William O. Stoddard
  • besides, this was the first foreign shore his foot had ever trodden.

    Brave and Bold Horatio Alger
  • I am quite in earnest, and am besides most anxious that you should get a scholarship this time.

    Julian Home Dean Frederic W. Farrar
British Dictionary definitions for besides

besides

/bɪˈsaɪdz/
preposition
1.
apart from; even considering: besides costing too much, the scheme is impractical
sentence connector
2.
anyway; moreover
adverb
3.
as well
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for besides
prep.

attested from c.1200 (common after c.1400), from beside + adverbial genitive -s. Once sharing all the senses of beside, now properly limited to "in addition to, otherwise."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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10
11
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