subsidy

[suhb-si-dee]
noun, plural subsidies.
1.
a direct pecuniary aid furnished by a government to a private industrial undertaking, a charity organization, or the like.
2.
a sum paid, often in accordance with a treaty, by one government to another to secure some service in return.
3.
a grant or contribution of money.
4.
money formerly granted by the English Parliament to the crown for special needs.

Origin:
1325–75; Middle English subsidie < Anglo-French < Latin subsidium auxiliary force, reserve, help, equivalent to sub- sub- + sid-, combining form of sedēre to sit1 + -ium -ium

antisubsidy, noun, plural antisubsidies.
nonsubsidy, noun, plural nonsubsidies.


1. Subsidy, subvention are both grants of money, especially governmental, to aid private undertakings. A subsidy is usually given to promote commercial enterprise: a subsidy to manufacturers during a war. A subvention is usually a grant to stimulate enterprises connected with science and the arts: a subvention to a research chemist by a major company.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
subsidy (ˈsʌbsɪdɪ)
 
n , pl -dies
1.  a financial aid supplied by a government, as to industry, for reasons of public welfare, the balance of payments, etc
2.  English history a financial grant made originally for special purposes by Parliament to the Crown
3.  any monetary contribution, grant, or aid
 
[C14: from Anglo-Norman subsidie, from Latin subsidium assistance, from subsidēre to remain, from sub- down + sedēre to sit]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

subsidy
late 14c., from Anglo-Fr. subsidie, from O.Fr. subside "help, aid, contribution," from L. subsidium "help, aid, assistance, (military) reinforcements," from sub "behind, near" + sedere "to sit" (see sedentary). Subsidize is from 1795. Originally of nations, "to buy neutrality
or alliance." Meaning "to support by grants of money" is from 1828.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

subsidy definition


A grant made by a government to some individual or business in order to maintain an acceptable standard of living or to stimulate economic growth.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
These projects are mostly politically driven and run mainly on external money
  sources and subsidy other than own generated funds.
Sceptics therefore doubt that the subsidy is a good use of public money.
It needs the money to pay wages and an electricity subsidy and to invest in
  farming.
Some might be inclined to call that a state subsidy.
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