subvertical

vertical

[vur-ti-kuhl]
adjective
1.
being in a position or direction perpendicular to the plane of the horizon; upright; plumb.
2.
of, pertaining to, or situated at the vertex.
3.
of or pertaining to the cranial vertex.
4.
Botany.
a.
(of a leaf) having the blade in a perpendicular plane, so that neither of the surfaces can be called upper or lower.
b.
being in the same direction as the axis; lengthwise.
5.
of, constituting, or resulting in vertical combination.
6.
of or pertaining to a product or service from initial planning to sale.
7.
of, pertaining to, or noting a stratified society, nation, etc.
noun
8.
something vertical, as a line or plane.
9.
a vertical or upright position.
10.
a vertical structural member in a truss.

Origin:
1550–60; < Latin verticālis, equivalent to vertic- (stem of vertex) vertex + -ālis -al1

verticality, verticalness, verticalism, noun
vertically, adverb
nonvertical, adjective
nonvertically, adverb
nonverticalness, noun
nonverticality, noun
subvertical, adjective
subvertically, adverb
subverticalness, noun
unvertical, adjective
unvertically, adverb


1. See upright.


1. horizontal.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
vertical (ˈvɜːtɪkəl)
 
adj
1.  Compare horizontal at right angles to the horizon; perpendicular; upright: a vertical wall
2.  extending in a perpendicular direction
3.  at or in the vertex or zenith; directly overhead
4.  economics of or relating to associated or consecutive, though not identical, stages of industrial activity: vertical integration; vertical amalgamation
5.  of or relating to the vertex
6.  anatomy of, relating to, or situated at the top of the head (vertex)
 
n
7.  a vertical plane, position, or line
8.  a vertical post, pillar, or other structural member
 
[C16: from Late Latin verticālis, from Latin vertex]
 
verticality
 
n
 
'vertically
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

vertical
1559, "of or at the vertex, directly overhead," from M.Fr. vertical (1545), from L.L. verticalis "overhead," from L. vertex (gen. verticis) "highest point" (see vertex). Meaning "straight up and down" is first recorded 1704.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

vertical ver·ti·cal (vûr'tĭ-kəl)
adj.

  1. Of or relating to the vertex of the head.

  2. Being or situated at right angles to the horizon; upright.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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