sugarcane

[shoog-er-keyn]
noun
a tall grass, Saccharum officinarum, of tropical and warm regions, having a stout, jointed stalk, and constituting the chief source of sugar.
Also, sugar cane.


Origin:
1560–70; sugar + cane

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

sugarcane

perennial grass of the genus Saccharum cultivated for its juice, from which sugar is processed. Most present-day commercial canes are the offsprings or hybrids of the species Saccharum officinarum, which was developed from a wild cane species, Saccharum robustom, and cultivated by natives of southern Pacific Islands. This article treats the cultivation of the sugarcane plant. For information on the processing of cane sugar and the history of its use, see the article sugar.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Today the alcohol is made by fermenting sugarcane or corn.
Their sugarcane plantations, which are a big part of their lives, have been
  destroyed by the ants.
Raw sugar is from the first pressings of sugarcane and is coarser than white
  refined sugar.
Engage sugar farmers and producers to improve safety and health of sugarcane
  harvesters.
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