What do a.m. and p.m. stand for?


[suhm-ing-uhp] /ˈsʌm ɪŋˈʌp/
noun, plural summings-up.
a summation or statement made for the purpose of reviewing the basic concepts or principles of an argument, story, explanation, testimony, or the like, and usually presented at the end.
Origin of summing-up
1780-90; sum up + -ing1 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for summing-up
  • Few writers can resist the lure of closure-some form of summing-up or leave-taking.
  • So unless some sort of procedural irregularity has occurred during the trial any appeal has to be based on the judge's summing-up.
  • Few were better at the brisk summing-up and the clear, no-nonsense decision.
British Dictionary definitions for summing-up


a review or summary of the main points of an argument, speech, etc
a direction regarding the law and a summary of the evidence, given by a judge in his address to the jury before they retire to consider their verdict
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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