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summon

[suhm-uh n] /ˈsʌm ən/
verb (used with object)
1.
to call upon to do something specified.
2.
to call for the presence of, as by command, message, or signal; call.
3.
to call or notify to appear at a specified place, especially before a court:
to summon a defendant.
4.
to authorize or order a gathering of; call together by authority, as for deliberation or action:
to summon parliament.
5.
to call into action; rouse; call forth (often. followed by up):
to summon all one's courage.
Origin
1175-1225
1175-1225; < Medieval Latin summonēre to summon, Latin: to remind unofficially, suggest, equivalent to sum- sum- + monēre to remind, warn; replacing Middle English somonen < Old French semondre, somondre < Vulgar Latin *summonere, Latin summonēre, as above
Related forms
summonable, adjective
summoner, noun
resummon, verb (used with object)
unsummonable, adjective
unsummoned, adjective
Synonyms
1-3. See call.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for summon
  • Yet, of those who did heed the call and summon up the blood, none came back disappointed.
  • Discourse of reason doth not only call and summon us unto it.
  • The answer is that such allegations summon emotional, and often unconscious, reactions to the argument that undermine it.
  • She throws back her head and yips-five quick, sharp calls that summon four other wolves, all males.
  • Repeated on many buildings in this arid site, this motif was likely meant to summon rain.
  • We have ceased to believe that a friend's highest purpose is to summon us to the good by offering moral advice and correction.
  • There is nothing wrong with this, of course, but it is the sort of context that would normally summon a little apprehension.
  • Others have called on their experience in sports to summon much larger doses of courage.
  • Other companies offer software that can count the length of a checkout line and summon staff if a new register needs to be opened.
  • When the food is ready, one of the staff will summon you so that you can carry your plates to a bare-topped table.
British Dictionary definitions for summon

summon

/ˈsʌmən/
verb (transitive)
1.
to order to come; send for, esp to attend court, by issuing a summons
2.
to order or instruct (to do something) or call (to something): the bell summoned them to their work
3.
to call upon to meet or convene
4.
(often foll by up) to muster or gather (one's strength, courage, etc)
Derived Forms
summonable, adjective
Word Origin
C13: from Latin summonēre to give a discreet reminder, from monēre to advise
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for summon
v.

c.1200, from Anglo-French, Old French sumundre "summon," from Vulgar Latin *summundre "to call, cite," from Latin summonere "hint to," from sub "under" + monere "warn, advise" (see monitor (n.)). Summons "authoritative call to be at a certain place for a certain purpose" is late 13c., from Old French sumunse, noun use of fem. past participle of somondre. Summoner "petty officer who cites persons to appear in court" is from early 14c.; contracted form sumner is from mid-14c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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