1 [suhp]
verb (used without object), supped, supping.
to eat the evening meal; have supper.
verb (used with object), supped, supping.
to provide with or entertain at supper.

1250–1300; Middle English s(o)upen < Old French souper to take supper < Germanic; compare Old English sūpan to swallow, taste, sip. See sup2 Unabridged


2 [suhp]
verb (used with object), supped, supping.
to take (liquid food, or any liquid) into the mouth in small quantities, as from a spoon or cup; sip.
verb (used without object), supped, supping.
to take liquid into the mouth in small quantities, as by spoonfuls or sips.
a mouthful or small portion of drink or liquid food; sip.

before 900; Middle English suppen, variant of supen, Old English sūpan; cognate with German saufen to drink. Cf. sip, sop, soup, sup1


3 [soop]
noun Mathematics.


variant of sub- before p: suppose. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
sup1 (sʌp)
vb , sups, supping, supped
1.  archaic (intr) to have supper
2.  obsolete (tr) to provide with supper
[C13: from Old French soper; see sup²]

sup2 (sʌp)
vb , sups, supping, supped
1.  to partake of (liquid) by swallowing a little at a time
2.  dialect (Scot), (Northern English) to drink
3.  a sip
[Old English sūpan; related to Old High German sūfan, German saufen; see also sup1]

abbreviation for
1.  above
2.  superior
3.  grammar superlative
[from Latin supra]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

"eat the evening meal," late 13c., from O.Fr. super, which probably is from soupe "broth" (see soup), until recently still the traditional evening meal of French workers.

"sip," O.E. supan (W.Saxon), suppan, supian (Northumbrian) "to sip, swallow," from P.Gmc. *supanan (cf. O.N. supa "to sip, drink," M.L.G. supen, Du. zuipen "to drink, tipple, booze," O.H.G. sufan, Ger. saufen "to drink, booze"), from PIE *sub-, from base *seue- "to take liquid" (cf. Skt. sunoti "presses
out juice," soma; Avestan haoma, Pers. hom "juice;" Gk. huetos "rain," huein "to rain;" L. sugere "to suck," succus "juice, sap;" Lith. sula "flowing sap;" O.C.S. soku "sap," susati "suck;" M.Ir. suth "sap;" O.E. seaw "sap").
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Abbreviations & Acronyms
Society for Ultrastructural Pathology
  1. superior

  2. superlative

  3. supine

  4. supplement

  5. supplementary

  6. supply

  7. Latin supra (above)

The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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