1425-75; (v.) late Middle Englishsurrendren < Anglo-Frenchsurrender,Old Frenchsurrendre to give up, equivalent to sur-sur-1 + rendre to render; (noun) < Anglo-French;Old Frenchsurrendre, noun use of the infinitive
1441, "to give (something) up," from O.Fr. surrendre "give up, deliver over" (13c.), from sur- "over" + rendre "give back" (see render). Reflexive sense of "to give oneself up" (especially as a prisoner) is from 1585. The noun is recorded from 1487.