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surround

[suh-round] /səˈraʊnd/
verb (used with object)
1.
to enclose on all sides; encompass:
She was surrounded by reporters.
2.
to form an enclosure round; encircle:
A stone wall surrounds the estate.
3.
to enclose (a body of troops, a fort or town, etc.) so as to cut off communication or retreat.
noun
4.
something that surrounds, as the area, border, etc., around an object or central space:
a tile surround for the shower stall.
5.
environment or setting:
The designer created a Persian surround for the new restaurant.
6.
Hunting.
  1. a means of hunting in which wild animals are encircled and chased into a special spot that makes their escape impossible.
  2. the act of hunting by this means.
  3. the location encircled by hunters using this means.
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English surounden to inundate, submerge < Anglo-French surounder, Middle French s(o)ronder < Late Latin superundāre to overflow, equivalent to Latin super- super- + undāre to flood, derivative of unda wave (see undulate); current spelling by analysis as sur-1 + round1 (v.)
Related forms
presurround, verb (used with object)
unsurrounded, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for surrounded
  • And to do so surrounded by books only enhanced the experience.
  • surrounded by his own moving boxes, he quickly greeted me and asked how things were going.
  • It's the being surrounded on all sides that gets to us non-humanities people.
  • surrounded by lesser figures, the striking specter nearly eight feet tall shimmers on the canyon wall under the relentless sun.
  • For half an hour they sit quietly and watch the party, then rise for their first dance, again surrounded by candles.
  • The hall itself was surrounded by a steel fence topped with barbed wire.
  • The statue is surrounded by buildings crested with billboards promoting everything from washing machines to cellphones.
  • The insula is surrounded by a deep circular sulcus which separates it from the frontal, parietal, and temporal lobes.
  • Soon, however, all trace of the opening is lost and the ovum is then completely surrounded by the uterine mucous membrane.
  • They have received their name from the fact that they are surrounded by minute nodules or globules of dentin.
British Dictionary definitions for surrounded

surround

/səˈraʊnd/
verb (transitive)
1.
to encircle or enclose or cause to be encircled or enclosed
2.
to deploy forces on all sides of (a place or military formation), so preventing access or retreat
3.
to exist around: I dislike the people who surround her
noun
4.
(mainly Brit) a border, esp the area of uncovered floor between the walls of a room and the carpet or around an opening or panel
5.
(mainly US)
  1. a method of capturing wild beasts by encircling the area in which they are believed to be
  2. the area so encircled
Derived Forms
surrounding, adjective
Word Origin
C15 surrounden to overflow, from Old French suronder, from Late Latin superundāre, from Latin super- + undāre to abound, from unda a wave
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for surrounded

surround

v.

early 15c., "to flood, overflow," from Middle French soronder "to overflow, abound, surpass, dominate," from Late Latin superundare "overflow," from Latin super "over" (see super-) + undare "to flow in waves," from unda "wave" (see water (n.); and cf. abound). Sense of "to shut in on all sides" first recorded 1610s, influenced by figurative meaning in French of "dominate," and by sound association with round. Related: Surrounded; surrounding.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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