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surveying

[ser-vey-ing] /sərˈveɪ ɪŋ/
noun
1.
the science or scientific method of making surveys of land.
2.
the occupation of one who makes land surveys.
3.
the act of one who surveys:
The surveying required nearly two days.
Origin
1425-1475
1425-75; late Middle English: act of examining closely; see survey, -ing1

survey

[v. ser-vey; n. sur-vey, ser-vey] /v. sərˈveɪ; n. ˈsɜr veɪ, sərˈveɪ/
verb (used with object)
1.
to take a general or comprehensive view of or appraise, as a situation, area of study, etc.
2.
to view in detail, especially to inspect, examine, or appraise formally or officially in order to ascertain condition, value, etc.
3.
to conduct a survey of or among:
to survey TV viewers.
4.
to determine the exact form, boundaries, position, extent, etc., of (a tract of land, section of a country, etc.) by linear and angular measurements and the application of the principles of geometry and trigonometry.
verb (used without object)
5.
to survey land; practice surveying.
noun, plural surveys.
6.
an act or instance of surveying or of taking a comprehensive view of something:
The course is a survey of Italian painting.
7.
a formal or official examination of the particulars of something, made in order to ascertain condition, character, etc.
8.
a statement or description embodying the result of this:
They presented their survey to the board of directors.
9.
a sampling, or partial collection, of facts, figures, or opinions taken and used to approximate or indicate what a complete collection and analysis might reveal:
The survey showed the percentage of the population that planned to vote.
10.
the act of determining the exact form, boundaries, position, etc., as of a tract of land or section of a country, by linear measurements, angular measurements, etc.
11.
the plan or description resulting from such an operation.
12.
an agency for making determinations:
U.S. Geological Survey.
Origin
1425-75; late Middle English surveien (v.) < Anglo-French surveier, Middle French surv(e)ier, surveoir to oversee, equivalent to sur- sur-1 + v(e)ier < Latin vidēre to see
Related forms
surveyable, adjective
presurvey, noun
presurvey, verb (used with object)
self-survey, noun
self-surveyed, adjective
unsurveyable, adjective
unsurveyed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for surveying
  • During the past decade, however, the challenges of telephone surveying have mounted.
  • It's tempting, in surveying the history of podiatry, to focus only on the grandeur.
  • Common arithmetic, and a little surveying, were the ne plus ultra of mathematical acquirements.
  • Other services include exploration related operations, such as geological surveying and mapping.
  • Companies spend millions of dollars surveying their workers' job satisfaction each year.
  • With the authorities surveying the scene from helicopters, residents gathered to chat while sharing tall bottles of beer.
  • surveying determines the precise location of state-owned land and minerals, worth vast sums of money.
British Dictionary definitions for surveying

surveying

/sɜːˈveɪɪŋ/
noun
1.
the study or practice of measuring altitudes, angles, and distances on the land surface so that they can be accurately plotted on a map
2.
the setting out on the ground of the positions of proposed construction or engineering works

survey

verb (sɜːˈveɪ; ˈsɜːveɪ)
1.
(transitive) to view or consider in a comprehensive or general way: to survey the situation
2.
(transitive) to examine carefully, as or as if to appraise value: to survey oneself in a mirror
3.
to plot a detailed map of (an area of land) by measuring or calculating distances and height
4.
(Brit) to inspect a building to determine its condition and value
5.
to examine a vessel thoroughly in order to determine its seaworthiness
6.
(transitive) to run a statistical survey on (incomes, opinions, etc)
noun (ˈsɜːveɪ)
7.
a comprehensive or general view: a survey of English literature
8.
a critical, detailed, and formal inspection: a survey of the nation's hospitals
9.
(Brit) an inspection of a building to determine its condition and value
10.
a report incorporating the results of such an inspection
11.
  1. a body of surveyors
  2. an area surveyed
12.
(statistics) a random sample
Derived Forms
surveyable, adjective
Word Origin
C15: from French surveoir, from sur-1 + veoir to see, from Latin vidēre
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for surveying

survey

v.

late 14c. "to consider, contemplate" (implied in surveyance), from Old French surveeir, from Medieval Latin supervidere "oversee" (see supervise). Meaning "examine the condition of" is from mid-15c. That of "to take linear measurements of a tract of ground" is recorded from 1540s. Related: Surveyed; surveying.

n.

late 15c., survei, "oversight, supervision," from survey (v.). The meaning "act of viewing in detail" is from 1540s. Meaning "systematic collection of data on opinions, etc." is attested from 1927.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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