a person who makes preparations to survive a widespread catastrophe, as an atomic war or anarchy, especially by storing food and weapons in a safe place.

1965–70; survival + -ist

survivalism, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
survivalist (səˈvaɪvəlɪst)
 a.  a person who believes in ensuring his personal survival of a catastrophic event by arming himself and often by living in the wild
 b.  (as modifier): survivalist weapons

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Example sentences
Hikers, for example, take the survivalist approach with featherweight tents and minimal equipment.
The survivalist lives on a boat on which he is growing a precious tomato plant.
The movie is given over to a family in flight, the primal survivalist drama.
Always the survivalist, he seemed to ration his remaining breaths.
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