suzerain

suzerain

[soo-zuh-rin, -reyn]
noun
1.
a sovereign or a state exercising political control over a dependent state.
2.
History/Historical. a feudal overlord.
adjective
3.
characteristic of or being a suzerain.

Origin:
1800–10; < French, equivalent to sus above (< Latin sūsum, variant of sursum, contraction of subversum, neuter of subversus upturned; see sub-, verse) + (souv)erain sovereign

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suzerain (ˈsuːzəˌreɪn)
 
n
1.  a.  a state or sovereign exercising some degree of dominion over a dependent state, usually controlling its foreign affairs
 b.  (as modifier): a suzerain power
2.  a.  a feudal overlord
 b.  (as modifier): suzerain lord
 
[C19: from French, from sus above (from Latin sursum turned upwards, from sub- up + vertere to turn) + -erain, as in souverainsovereign]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

suzerain
"sovereign, ruler," c.1470 (implied in suzerainty), from O.Fr. sus "up, above" (from V.L. susum, from L. sursum "upward, above," contraction of subversum, from sub "up from below") + vertere "a turning" (see versus). With ending from sovereign.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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