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suzerain

[soo-zuh-rin, -reyn] /ˈsu zə rɪn, -ˌreɪn/
noun
1.
a sovereign or a state exercising political control over a dependent state.
2.
History/Historical. a feudal overlord.
adjective
3.
characteristic of or being a suzerain.
Origin
1800-1810
1800-10; < French, equivalent to sus above (< Latin sūsum, variant of sursum, contraction of subversum, neuter of subversus upturned; see sub-, verse) + (souv)erain sovereign
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for suzerain

suzerain

/ˈsuːzəˌreɪn/
noun
1.
  1. a state or sovereign exercising some degree of dominion over a dependent state, usually controlling its foreign affairs
  2. (as modifier) a suzerain power
2.
  1. a feudal overlord
  2. (as modifier) suzerain lord
Word Origin
C19: from French, from sus above (from Latin sursum turned upwards, from sub- up + vertere to turn) + -erain, as in souverainsovereign
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for suzerain
suzerain
"sovereign, ruler," c.1470 (implied in suzerainty), from O.Fr. sus "up, above" (from V.L. susum, from L. sursum "upward, above," contraction of subversum, from sub "up from below") + vertere "a turning" (see versus). With ending from sovereign.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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