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sworn

[swawrn, swohrn] /swɔrn, swoʊrn/
verb
1.
past participle of swear.
adjective
2.
having taken an oath:
a duly elected and sworn official.
3.
bound by or as if by an oath or pledge.
4.
avowed; affirmed:
He is my sworn enemy.

swear

[swair] /swɛər/
verb (used without object), swore or (Archaic) sware; sworn; swearing.
1.
to make a solemn declaration or affirmation by some sacred being or object, as a deity or the Bible.
2.
to bind oneself by oath.
3.
to give evidence or make a statement on oath.
4.
to use profane oaths or language:
Don't swear in front of the children.
verb (used with object), swore or (Archaic) sware; sworn; swearing.
5.
to declare, affirm, attest, etc., by swearing by a deity, some sacred object, etc.
6.
to affirm, assert, or say with solemn earnestness.
7.
to promise or undertake on oath or in a solemn manner; vow.
8.
to testify or state on oath:
He swore it on the witness stand.
9.
to take (an oath), as in order to give solemnity or force to a declaration, promise, etc.
10.
to bind by an oath:
to swear someone to secrecy.
Verb phrases
11.
swear by,
  1. to name (a sacred being or thing) as one's witness or guarantee in swearing.
  2. Informal. to have great confidence in; rely on:
    He swears by his dentist.
  3. to have certain knowledge of:
    I thought I saw him leaving, but I couldn't swear by it.
12.
swear in, to admit to office or service by administering an oath:
A new president will be sworn in today.
13.
swear off, to promise or resolve to give up something, especially intoxicating beverages.
14.
swear out, to secure (a warrant for arrest) by making an accusation under oath.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English sweren, Old English swerian; cognate with German schwören, Old Norse sverja; akin to Gothic swaran to swear; see answer
Related forms
swearer, noun
swearingly, adverb
reswear, verb, reswore, resworn, reswearing.
underswearer, noun
Synonyms
1. declare, affirm, avow. 3. depose, testify. 4. imprecate. See curse.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for sworn
  • Since the president is sworn to protect the country from all enemies, his failure to do so is treason.
  • They must obtain security clearances and be sworn to secrecy in order to see the detainees.
  • Conflicting affidavits were finally to be sworn on this matter.
  • It has refused time and again to enforce the campaign finance laws its commissioners are sworn to uphold.
  • Even before he was sworn in, the governor-elect was sending a blunt message to the state legislature.
  • They have sworn to uphold the health of the patient.
  • He must be impeached because he shows an utter and absolute contempt for the truth and for the law he has twice sworn to uphold.
  • Then, despite having sworn otherwise, three quarters of that segment gets married again.
  • Family and close friends knew about the marriage, but were sworn to secrecy.
  • At the opening session of the new parliament almost one-third of the deputies refused to be sworn in.
British Dictionary definitions for sworn

sworn

/swɔːn/
verb
1.
the past participle of swear
adjective
2.
bound, pledged, or made inveterate, by or as if by an oath: a sworn statement, he was sworn to God

swear

/swɛə/
verb swears, swearing, swore, sworn
1.
to declare or affirm (a statement) as true, esp by invoking a deity, etc, as witness
2.
(foll by by)
  1. to invoke (a deity, etc) by name as a witness or guarantee to an oath
  2. to trust implicitly; have complete confidence (in)
3.
(intransitive) often foll by at. to curse, blaspheme, or use swearwords
4.
(when transitive, may take a clause as object or an infinitive) to promise solemnly on oath; vow
5.
(transitive) to assert or affirm with great emphasis or earnestness
6.
(intransitive) to give evidence or make any statement or solemn declaration on oath
7.
to take an oath in order to add force or solemnity to (a statement or declaration)
8.
(informal) swear blind, to assert emphatically
noun
9.
a period of swearing
Derived Forms
swearer, noun
Word Origin
Old English swerian; related to Old Norse sverja, Gothic swaran, Old Frisian swera, German schwören
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for sworn

swear

v.

Old English swerian "take an oath" (class VI strong verb; past tense swor, past participle sworen), from Proto-Germanic *swarjan-, (cf. Old Saxon swerian, Old Norse sverja, Danish sverge, Old Frisian swera, Middle Dutch swaren, Old High German swerien, German schwören, Gothic swaren "to swear"), from PIE root *swer- (1) "to speak, talk, say" (cf. Old Church Slavonic svara "quarrel"). Also related to the second element in answer. The secondary sense of "use bad language" (early 15c.) developed from the notion of "invoke sacred names." Swear-word is American English colloquial from 1883. Swear off "desist as with a vow" is from 1898.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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