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synchrotron

[sing-kruh-tron] /ˈsɪŋ krəˌtrɒn/
noun, Physics.
1.
a type of cyclotron consisting of magnetic sections alternately spaced with sections in which particles are electrostatically accelerated.
Origin
1945-1950
1945-50; synchro- + -tron
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for synchrotron
  • synchrotron radiation has been detected coming from this jet.
  • Cyclotron radiation, synchrotron light or its close relative, bremsstrahlung radiation.
British Dictionary definitions for synchrotron

synchrotron

/ˈsɪŋkrəˌtrɒn/
noun
1.
a type of particle accelerator similar to a betatron but having an electric field of fixed frequency with electrons but not with protons as well as a changing magnetic field. It is capable of producing very high energies in the GeV range
Word Origin
C20: from synchro- + (elec)tron
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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synchrotron in Science
synchrotron
  (sĭng'krə-trŏn')   
A type of particle accelerator that accelerates charged subatomic particles (generally protons) in a circular path. Unlike cyclotrons and synchrocyclotrons, in which particles follow a spiral path, synchrotrons consist of a single ring-shaped tube through which the particles loop numerous times, guided by precisely synchronized magnetic fields and accelerated at various points in the loop by electric field bursts. Synchrotrons are currently the most powerful particle accelerators, and the study of high-energy collisions driven by synchrotrons has lead to the discovery of many subatomic particles. See also cyclotron, synchrocyclotron. See Note at particle accelerator.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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