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tempered

[tem-perd] /ˈtɛm pərd/
adjective
1.
having a temper or disposition of a specified character (usually used in combination):
a good-tempered child.
2.
Music. tuned in accordance with some other temperament than just or pure temperament, especially tuned in equal temperament.
3.
made less intense or violent, especially by the influence of something good or benign:
justice tempered with mercy.
4.
properly moistened or mixed, as clay.
5.
Metallurgy. of or pertaining to steel or cast iron that has been tempered.
Origin
1325-1375
1325-75; Middle English; see temper, -ed2, -ed3
Related forms
nontempered, adjective
untempered, adjective

temper

[tem-per] /ˈtɛm pər/
noun
1.
a particular state of mind or feelings.
2.
habit of mind, especially with respect to irritability or patience, outbursts of anger, or the like; disposition:
an even temper.
3.
heat of mind or passion, shown in outbursts of anger, resentment, etc.
4.
calm disposition or state of mind:
to be out of temper.
5.
a substance added to something to modify its properties or qualities.
6.
Metallurgy.
  1. the degree of hardness and strength imparted to a metal, as by quenching, heat treatment, or cold working.
  2. the percentage of carbon in tool steel.
  3. the operation of tempering.
7.
Archaic. a middle course; compromise.
8.
Obsolete. the constitution or character of a substance.
verb (used with object)
9.
to moderate or mitigate:
to temper justice with mercy.
10.
to soften or tone down.
11.
to bring to a proper, suitable, or desirable state by or as by blending or admixture.
12.
to moisten, mix, and work up into proper consistency, as clay or mortar.
13.
Metallurgy. to impart strength or toughness to (steel or cast iron) by heating and cooling.
14.
to produce internal stresses in (glass) by sudden cooling from low red heat; toughen.
15.
to tune (a keyboard instrument, as a piano, organ, or harpsichord) so as to make the tones available in different keys or tonalities.
16.
to modify (color) by mixing with a medium.
17.
Archaic. to combine or blend in due proportions.
18.
Archaic. to pacify.
verb (used without object)
19.
to be or become tempered.
Origin
before 1000; (v.) Middle English tempren, Old English temprian < Latin temperāre to divide or proportion duly, temper; (noun) Middle English: proportion, derivative of the v.
Related forms
temperable, adjective
temperability, noun
temperer, noun
nontemperable, adjective
retemper, verb (used with object)
untemperable, adjective
untempering, adjective
Synonyms
1. nature, condition. 2. humor. See disposition. 3. irritation. 4. equanimity, coolness, composure. 10. See modify.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for tempered
  • My annoyance at have to fix things is much tempered by my joy at knowing the article has been accepted.
  • Disaster relief tempered the current season's effects.
  • Today the illusory promise of self-policing governing boards must be tempered with reality.
  • But any temptation to brag about successes should quickly be tempered by humility over two things.
  • However, there were significant differences that tempered the experience.
  • The disappointment was tempered by a fortuitous contact.
  • Skepticism tempered with scientific reasoning produces good work.
  • Then comes a declaration of faith in the revolutionary power of speech, though it's tempered with wary cynicism.
  • The optimism has been tempered of late by business woes among telecommunication companies, but the technology remains impressive.
  • Since the tape is made of tempered steel, you'll first have to heat the end until it glows red.
British Dictionary definitions for tempered

tempered

/ˈtɛmpəd/
adjective
1.
(music)
  1. (of a scale) having the frequency differences between notes adjusted in accordance with the system of equal temperament See temperament
  2. (of an interval) expanded or contracted from the state of being pure
2.
(in combination) having a temper or temperament as specified ill-tempered

temper

/ˈtɛmpə/
noun
1.
a frame of mind; mood or humour a good temper
2.
a sudden outburst of anger; tantrum
3.
a tendency to exhibit uncontrolled anger; irritability
4.
a mental condition of moderation and calm (esp in the phrases keep one's temper, lose one's temper, out of temper)
5.
the degree of hardness, elasticity, or a similar property of a metal or metal object
verb (transitive)
6.
to make more temperate, acceptable, or suitable by adding something else; moderate he tempered his criticism with kindly sympathy
7.
to strengthen or toughen (a metal or metal article) by heat treatment, as by heating and quenching
8.
(music)
  1. to adjust the frequency differences between the notes of a scale on (a keyboard instrument) in order to allow modulation into other keys
  2. to make such an adjustment to the pitches of notes in (a scale)
9.
a rare word for adapt
10.
an archaic word for mix
Derived Forms
temperable, adjective
temperability, noun
temperer, noun
Word Origin
Old English temprian to mingle, (influenced by Old French temprer), from Latin temperāre to mix, probably from tempus time
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for tempered
temper
late O.E. temprian "to bring to a proper or suitable state, to modify some excessive quality, to restrain within due limits," from L. temperare "to mix correctly, moderate, regulate, blend," usually described as from tempus "time, season" (of unknown origin), with a sense of "proper time or season," but the sense history is obscure. Meaning "to make (steel) hard and elastic" is from c.1381. Sense of "to tune the pitch of a musical instrument" is recorded from c.1300.
temper
late 14c., "due proportion of elements or qualities," from temper (v.). The sense of "characteristic state of mind" is first recorded 1590s; that of "calm state of mind" in c.1600; and that of "angry state of mind" (for bad temper) in 1828. Meaning "degree of hardness and resiliency in steel" is from late 15c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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tempered in Medicine

temper tem·per (těm'pər)
n.

  1. A state of mind or emotions; mood.

  2. A tendency to become easily angry or irritable.

  3. An outburst of rage.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Idioms and Phrases with tempered
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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