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terroir

[ter-wahr; French ter-war] /tɛrˈwɑr; French tɛrˈwar/
noun
1.
the environmental conditions, especially soil and climate, in which grapes are grown and that give a wine its unique flavor and aroma:
the high quality of the region’s terroir.
2.
Also called goût de terroir [goo duh ter-wahr, gooduh ter-war] /ˈgu də tɛrˈwɑr, gudə tɛrˈwar/ (Show IPA). the unique flavor and aroma of a wine that is attributed to the growing environment of the grapes.
3.
the conditions in which a food is grown or produced and that give the food its unique characteristics:
grass-fed beef with an Idaho terroir.
Origin
< French: literally, ‘soil, land’
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for terroir

terroir

/tɛrwar/
noun
1.
(winemaking) the combination of factors, including soil, climate, and environment, that gives a wine its distinctive character
Word Origin
literally: soil
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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