the act or operation of tilling land; tillage.
the state of being tilled or under cultivation.
the physical condition of soil in relation to plant growth.
land that is tilled or cultivated.

before 1000; Middle English, Old English. See till2, -th1

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World English Dictionary
tilth (tɪlθ)
1.  the act or process of tilling land
2.  the condition of soil or land that has been tilled, esp with respect to suitability for promoting plant growth
[Old English tilthe; see till²]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Example sentences
Amending soils with composts or manures improves the tilth and fertilizer value of soils.
These soils have natural fertility and desirable tilth but usually occur on slopes that limit their use to trees.
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