top

1 [top]
noun
1.
the highest or loftiest point or part of anything; apex; summit. zenith, acme, peak, pinnacle, vertex. bottom, base, foot, lowest point.
2.
the uppermost or upper part, surface, etc., of anything.
3.
the higher end of anything on a slope.
4.
British.
a.
a part considered as higher: the top of the street.
b.
high gear of an automobile.
5.
tops.
a.
the part of a plant that grows above ground, especially of an edible root.
b.
one of the tender tips of the branches or shoots of plants.
6.
the part of anything that is first or foremost; beginning: Let's go over it from the top again.
7.
the highest or leading place, position, rank, etc.: at the top of the class.
8.
the highest point, pitch, or degree: to talk at the top of one's voice.
9.
a person or thing that occupies the highest or leading position.
10.
the best or choicest part: the top of all creation.
11.
a covering or lid, as of a container or vehicle.
12.
the head.
13.
any of various outer garments for the upper body, as a blouse, shirt, or sweater: a sale on cotton tops and shorts.
14.
Nautical. a platform surrounding the head of a lower mast on a ship, and serving as a foothold, a means of extending the upper rigging, etc.
15.
Chemistry. the part of a mixture under distillation that volatilizes first.
16.
Bridge.
a.
the best card of a suit in a player's hand.
b.
(in duplicate bridge) the best score on a hand.
17.
Sports.
a.
a stroke that hits the ball above its center.
b.
the forward spin given to the ball by such a stroke.
18.
Baseball.
a.
the first half of an inning.
b.
the first three batters in the batting order.
19.
Slang. the dominant partner in a sexual relationship or encounter, especially the penetrator in anal intercourse (opposed to bottom ).
20.
Textiles.
a.
a cluster of textile fibers, especially tow, put on a distaff.
b.
a strand of the long wool fibers in sliver form, separated from noil by combing and wound into a large ball.
c.
a similar strand of rayon.
21.
Jewelry. crown ( def 27 ).
22.
the tops, Informal. the most outstanding person or thing in ability, favor, etc.: As a friend, she's the tops.
adjective
23.
pertaining to, situated at, or forming the top; highest; uppermost; upper: the top shelf.
24.
highest in degree; greatest: to pay top prices.
25.
foremost, chief, or principal: to win top honors in a competition.
verb (used with object), topped, topping.
26.
to furnish with a top; put a top on.
27.
to be at or constitute the top of.
28.
to reach the top of.
29.
to rise above: The sun had topped the horizon.
30.
to exceed in height, amount, number, etc.
31.
to surpass, excel, or outdo: That tops everything.
32.
Theater. (in spoken dialogue) to reply in a voice of greater volume or higher pitch: King Henry must top the crowd noises in his St. Crispin's Day speech.
33.
to surmount with something specified: to top a sundae with whipped cream.
34.
to remove the top of; crop; prune: to top a tall tree. lop, shear.
35.
to get or leap over the top of (a fence, barrier, etc.).
36.
Chemistry. to distill off only the most volatile part of (a mixture).
37.
Sports.
a.
to strike (the ball) above its center, giving it a forward spin.
b.
to make (a stroke) by hitting the ball in this manner.
38.
to top-dress (land).
39.
Obsolete. to have coitus with (a woman).
verb (used without object), topped, topping.
40.
to rise aloft.
Verb phrases
41.
top off,
a.
to climax or complete, especially in an exceptional manner; finish: They topped off the evening with a ferryboat ride at midnight.
b.
to fill (a partly full container) completely: to top off a gas tank.
42.
top out,
a.
to finish the top of (a structure).
b.
to reach the highest level.
Idioms
43.
blow one's top, Informal.
a.
to become enraged; lose one's temper.
b.
to go mad; become insane: He must have blown his top to make such a fool of himself.
44.
off the top of one's head, Informal. head ( def 77 ).
45.
on top, successful; victorious; dominant: to stay on top.
46.
on top of,
a.
over or upon.
b.
in addition to; over and above.
c.
close upon; following upon: Gale winds came on top of the floods.
d.
in complete control: on top of the problem.
47.
on top of the world,
a.
successful.
b.
elated: The success made her feel on top of the world.
48.
over the top,
a.
Military. over the top of the parapet before a trench, as in issuing to charge against the enemy.
b.
surpassing a goal, quota, or limit.
49.
top oneself, Chiefly British. to kill oneself.

Origin:
before 1000; Middle English, Old English; cognate with Dutch top, German Zopf, Old Norse toppr top

untopped, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged

top

2 [top]
noun
1.
a toy, often inversely conical, with a point on which it is made to spin.
Idioms
2.
sleep like a top, to sleep soundly: After a day of hiking and swimming we slept like tops.

Origin:
before 1100; Middle English, Old English; cognate with Frisian, dialectal Dutch top

top-

variant of topo- before a vowel: toponym.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To top
Collins
World English Dictionary
top1 (tɒp)
 
n
1.  the highest or uppermost part of anything: the top of a hill
2.  the most important or successful position: to be at the top of the class; the top of the table
3.  the part of a plant that is above ground: carrot tops
4.  a thing that forms or covers the uppermost part of anything, esp a lid or cap: put the top on the saucepan
5.  the highest degree or point: at the top of his career
6.  the most important person: he's the top of this organization
7.  the best or finest part of anything: we've got the top of this year's graduates
8.  the loudest or highest pitch (esp in the phrase top of one's voice)
9.  the beginning: the top of the hour; at the top of the programme
10.  short for top gear
11.  cards the highest card of a suit in a player's hand
12.  sport
 a.  a stroke that hits the ball above its centre
 b.  short for topspin
13.  a platform around the head of a lower mast of a sailing vessel, the edges of which serve to extend the topmast shrouds
14.  chem the part of a volatile liquid mixture that distils first
15.  a garment, esp for a woman, that extends from the shoulders to the waist or hips
16.  a.  the high-frequency content of an audio signal
 b.  (as modifier): this amplifier has a good top response
17.  informal blow one's top to lose one's temper
18.  on top of
 a.  in addition to: on top of his accident, he caught pneumonia
 b.  informal in complete control of (a difficult situation, job, etc)
19.  off the top of one's head with no previous preparation; extempore
20.  over the top
 a.  over the parapet or leading edge of a trench
 b.  over the limit; excessive(ly); lacking restraint or a sense of proportion
21.  the top of the morning a morning greeting regarded as characteristic of Irishmen
 
adj
22.  of, relating to, serving as, or situated on the top: the top book in a pile
23.  informal (Brit) excellent: a top night out
 
vb , tops, topping, topped
24.  to form a top on (something): to top a cake with whipped cream
25.  to remove the top of or from: to top carrots
26.  to reach or pass the top of: we topped the mountain
27.  to be at the top of: he tops the team
28.  to exceed or surpass
29.  slang to kill
30.  (also intr) sport
 a.  to hit (a ball) above the centre
 b.  to make (a stroke) by hitting the ball in this way
31.  chem to distil off (the most volatile part) from a liquid mixture
32.  to add other colorants to (a dye) in order to modify the shade produced
33.  top and tail
 a.  to trim off the ends of (fruit or vegetables) before cooking them
 b.  to wash a baby's face and bottom without immersion in a bath
 
[Old English topp; related to Old High German zopf plait, Old Norse toppr tuft]

top2 (tɒp)
 
n
1.  a toy that is spun on its pointed base by a flick of the fingers, by pushing a handle at the top up and down, etc
2.  anything that spins or whirls around
3.  sleep like a top to sleep very soundly
 
[Old English, of unknown origin]

top-
 
combining form
a variant of topo-

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

top
"highest point," O.E. top "summit, crest, tuft," from P.Gmc. *tuppaz (cf. O.N. toppr "tuft of hair," O.Fris. top "tuft," O.Du. topp, Du. top, O.H.G. zopf "end, tip, tuft of hair," Ger. Zopf "tuft of hair"); no certain connections outside Gmc. except a few Romanic words probably borrowed from Gmc. Few
IE languages have a word so generic, which can be used of the upper part or surface of just about anything. More typical is Ger., which has Spitze for sharp peaks (mountains), oberfläche for the upper surface of flat things (such as a table). The verb meaning "put a top on" is from 1581; the meaning "be higher or greater than" is first recorded 1582. To top off "finish" is colloquial from 1836; top-hat is from 1881; topper "the best (of anything)" first recorded in slang, 1709; topping "top layer" is first attested 1839. Top-heavy is first attested 1533. Top dog first attested 1900; top-drawer (1920) is from Brit. expression out of the top drawer "upper-class." Topless "bare-breasted" first recorded 1966 (earlier it was used of men's bathing suits, 1937); tops "the best" is from 1935.

top
"toy that spins on a point," late O.E. top, probably a special use of top (1), but the modern word is perhaps via O.Fr. topet, which is from a Gmc. source akin to the root of Eng. top (1). As a type of seashell, first recorded 1682.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
Slang Dictionary

top definition


  1. tv.
    to surpass someone or something. : Can you top this one?
  2. tv.
    to kill someone. : Spike was gonna top Bart first.
  3. n.
    the first half of a baseball inning. : Wilbur hit a nice double-bagger in the top half of the fourth.
Dictionary of American Slang and Colloquial Expressions by Richard A. Spears.Fourth Edition.
Copyright 2007. Published by McGraw-Hill Education.
Cite This Source
FOLDOC
Computing Dictionary

TOP definition


Technical/Office Protocol

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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American Heritage
Abbreviations & Acronyms
TOP
  1. temporarily out of print

  2. Tonga—pa'anga (currency)

The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

top

In addition to the idioms beginning with top, also see at the top of one's lungs; big top; blow one's top; brass hat (top brass); from head to toe (top to toe); off the top of one's head; on top; on top of; on top of the world; over the top; sleep like a log (top); thin on top.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
Cite This Source
Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

top

a toy having a body of conical, circular, or oval shape, often hollow, with a point or peg on which it turns or is made to whirl. If given a knock, a spinning top will go around in a circle at a slant; if spun with a slant at the start, it will quickly stand upright until halted by friction. Its physical properties are similar to those of the gyroscope. Some tops, as the common peg top, are spun by means of a cord. Whipping tops are kept spinning by whips with a lash. Other tops are spun by a twist of the hand or the action of a spring or a plunger. Some hollow tops, such as the thunder tops of Japan, have holes cut in them to produce a hum or roar.

Learn more about top with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Place a coin on top of the index card so that it is directly over the opening.
Seven-figure salaries could become more common in higher education as colleges
  try to attract top talent.
Top reason is that one of the major causes of accidents is complacency.
Detecting the areas of compression is easier with the top than for the tights.
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