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1690s, from Modern Latin trachoma, from Greek trakhoma "roughness," from trakhys "rough."
trachoma tra·cho·ma (trə-kō'mə)
A contagious disease of the conjunctiva and cornea, caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis and marked by inflammation, hypertrophy, and formation of granules of adenoid tissue. It is a major cause of blindness in Asia and Africa. Also called contagious granular conjunctivitis, Egyptian ophthalmia, granular conjunctivitis, granular ophthalmia.
chronic inflammatory disease of the eye caused by Chlamydia trachomatis, a bacterium-like microorganism that grows only within tissue cells of the infected host. The conjunctiva becomes thickened and roughened, and deformation may result. Extension of inflammation to the cornea occurs in varying degree; resultant scarring can lead to corneal opacity and blindness. Transmission occurs by personal contact with infective ocular secretions or indirectly by common use of a towel.